EUTYCHES

Henoticon

HENOTICON When Emperor Zeno returned to Constantinople in 482, he issued his famous Henoticon to the Christians of the world in Alexandria, Egypt, Libya, and Pentapolis. In it, he confirmed the faith of the Fathers of the Councils of Nicaea and Constantinople; nothing, however, is mentioned concerning the Councils of Ephesus and Chalcedon. Zeno condemned …

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Christology

CHRISTOLOGY The study of the person of Christ with special reference to the union of the divine and human natures in the one person. From the New Testament we know that the early Christians regarded Christ as both God and man, but it was the task of later Christology to express this coherently in precise …

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Nature Of Christ

NATURE OF CHRIST Christian churches are split into two groups regarding the union of the divine and human nature in Jesus Christ. The non-Chalcedonian, including the Coptic, Syrian, Armenian, Ethiopian, and Indian Orthodox churches, reject the decisions of the Council of CHALCEDON (A.D. 451); the Chalcedonian churches, including the Roman Catholic, Greek, and Protestant churches, …

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Dioscorus I

DIOSCORUS I A Saint and patriarch. He was the 25th patriarch of Alexandria (446-454). Our best reference about his life is the Coptic version of the History of the Patriarchs. He was a disciple of Cyril of Alexandria and a vigorous opponent of Nestorian doctrines. Eutyches also argued against the Nestorian parties but he was …

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Apollinarianism

APOLLINARIANISM It is the heresy of Apollinarius or Apollinaris (c. 310-c. 390), who in about 360 became bishop of Laodicea, a Hellenistic city in the Roman province of Syria. Apollinarius adopted the Alexandrian-Nicene teaching concerning the Son of God. He maintained that the Second Person  of the Blessed Trinity is coeternal and coequal with God …

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Timothy II Aelurus

TIMOTHY II AELURUS The twenty-sixth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (457-477). Along with Philoxenus of Mabbug and SEVERUS OF ANTIOCH, Timothy was the preeminent champion of MONOPHYSITISM. He adhered to CYRIL’S well-known formula “one incarnate nature of the divine Logos” and took up DIOSCORUS’ cause when the latter was deposed at CHALCEDON. Consecrated …

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