eucharistic service

Fraction

FRACTION The ceremonial breaking of the consecrated bread in the eucharistic service. As a basic part of the liturgy, it follows the teaching and actions of Jesus Christ at the Last Supper: “Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke it, and gave it to the disciples and said, “Take, eat; this is my body’” (Mt. …

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Gloria In Excelsis

GLORIA IN EXCELSIS Opening words of the Latin version of the angelic announcement of the birth of Christ, “Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace among men with whom he is pleased” (Lk. 2:14). Known also as the greater doxology, it was incorporated into the eucharistic service since the early days of …

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Mass Of The Faithful

MASS OF THE FAITHFUL The major section of the eucharistic service, during which the oblations are consecrated and the bread and wine become the body and blood of Jesus Christ. It is preceded by the MASS OF THE CATECHUMENS, which, in the early church, was the only part of the Divine Liturgy open to those …

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Mass Of The Catechumens

MASS OF THE CATECHUMENS The eucharistic service comprising two distinct, inseparable, and complementary sections: the Mass (or Liturgy) of the Catechumens and the MASS OF THE FAITHFUL, so-called because catechumens, who could attend the first part of the service, were not permitted to attend the second until they had satisfactorily completed their course of religious …

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Offertory

OFFERTORY In the early church, donations of bread and wine were made by the laity to be consecrated in the eucharistic service, and the term “offertory” came also to mean the prayers said by the priest during this part of the Divine Liturgy. In his epistle to the Corinthians, Saint Clement of Rome (fl. c. …

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Absolution

ABSOLUTION The pronouncement of remission to the penitent, granting him release from the guilt of sin if he is truly contrite over his trespass, confesses to a priest, and promises not to revert to his former ways. The priest gives this absolution, not in his own name, but in the name of God, in accordance …

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