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epiphany - Page 3 of 5 - Coptic Wiki

epiphany

Peter I

PETER I The seventeenth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (300-311). Peter succeeded THEONAS (282-300) and, according to tradition, he was the last or the “seal” of the martyrs. The accounts of his turbulent and tragic archiepiscopate comprise a fascinating and important source for early Church history. Peter not only defended the orthodox faith …

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Wednesday and Friday

Wednesday and Friday The Coptic church ordains that Wednesday and Friday be observed as fast days, the former being the day on which Jesus Christ was condemned to be crucified, and the latter being the day on which His crucifixion took place. This fast applies throughout the year, with the following exceptions: during the fifty …

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Lent

Lent Great Lent, as distinct from the little fast that precedes the feast of the Nativity, is observed in commemoration of the forty-day fast of the Lord Jesus Christ (Mt. 4:2; Lk. 4:2), after which the church observes Holy Week in memory of Christ’s passion. Lent has been observed by the church ever since the …

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Fasting

FASTING Fasting is strictly observed by the Copts in accordance with their calendar. The custom predates Christianity in Judaism and ancient Egyptian religion. Fasts are recommended by Jesus (Mt. 6:16; Mk. 2:20) and by the apostles (Acts 13:2, 14:23; 2 Cor. 11:27). The total fasting days in Coptic tradition cover approximately two- thirds of the …

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Fatimids And The Copts

FATIMIDS AND THE COPTS It is difficult to give a complete picture of the situation of the Copts under the Fatimid dynasty (972-1171). Generally speaking, the caliphs were very tolerant toward them, except during two very tense periods that even brought persecution: under al-HAKIM (996-1021) and during the reign of the last caliph, al-‘Adid. With …

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Feast

FEAST An occasion appointed by the church to be observed with rejoicing and celebration. Old Testament Feasts In obedience to God’s commandments, the following occasions were kept as days of rest, abstention from work, and offering of sacrifices: The Sabbath (Ex. 20:8-11) Passover (Ex. 12; Lv. 23:5) Feast of Weeks, or of the wheat harvest, …

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Maundy Thursday

Maundy Thursday Maundy Thursday commemorates Christ’s institution of the sacrament of Eucharist; “Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke it, and gave it to the disciples and said, “Take, eat; this is my body.’ And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he gave it to them, saying, “Drink of it, all …

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Easter

Easter Easter is the greatest and earliest festival of the church, at which Christians celebrate the anniversary of the resurrection of Jesus Christ and His victory over death. The observance of Easter started as early as the apostolic age. Writing to the Corinthians, probably at or near the Passover season, Saint Paul declares, “Christ, our …

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