epiphany

Letter Of Peter To Philip

LETTER OF PETER TO PHILIP A Gnostic Christian tract, probably from the second century. The only manuscript that we have of this treatise is the Coptic translation of the original Greek. The Coptic text (NAG HAMMADI LIBRARY VIII. 2) recounts a Gnostic version of Pentecost, the descent of the Holy Spirit that gave birth to …

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Copto-Arabic Synaxarion

COPTO-ARABIC SYNAXARION A list of saints used in the Coptic church Editions of the Synaxarion This book, which has become a liturgical book, is very important for the history of the Coptic church. It appears in two forms: the recension from Lower Egypt, which is the quasi-official book of the Coptic church from Alexandria to …

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Awshiyah

AWSHIYAH An ecclesiastical Arabic term sometimes pronounced awkiyah or okiyah (pl. awashi or awaki’) from the Greek eÙc» meaning “recited prayer.” These include a number of examples first from the evening and morning service of the raising of incense, recited inaudibly while the priest makes three circuits around the altar. These are the three small …

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Assumption

ASSUMPTION The taking up of Mary into heaven. The calendar of feasts of the Coptic Church celebrates the death of the Virgin Mother of God and the ascension of her soul into heaven on 21 Tubah. The metamorphosis or conveyance of her body into heaven is placed on 16 Misra. There is thus a 206-day …

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Baptism

BAPTISM Origin, Features, and Administration of Baptism Baptism is the sacrament by which the recipient is regenerated through triple immersion in water in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, enters into union with Christ and the body of the church, and receives the gift of the Holy Spirit. Baptism is …

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Babylon

BABYLON The oldest part of the city of Cairo. Babylon is situated on the east bank of the Nile, to some extent on the border between Upper and Lower Egypt. The same spot marks the mouth of a canal, originally cut about 600 B.C., which connected the Nile to the Red Sea. The city was …

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Anaphora Of Saint Gregory

ANAPHORA OF SAINT GREGORY One of the three anaphoras retained by the Coptic church in its service books. In the manuscript tradition, followed by modern printed editions, the anaphora in the strict sense (from the beginning of the eucharistic prayer to the doxology before the fraction and Lord’s Prayer) is supplemented by certain prayers preceding …

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