Encomia

Bishop

BISHOP The Coptic term episkopos is a loan word from the Greek that can be translated bishop, overseer, superintendent, or supervisor. The Arabic usquf derives also from the Greek episkopos. According to the Didascalia, the bishop should be chosen by the congregation, and his consecration should take place on a Sunday in the presence of …

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Saint Victor Stratelates, Or Victor The General

SAINT VICTOR STRATELATES, or Victor the General [This son of the Roman governor Romanus miraculously survived death three times before being marytred during the persecution under Diocletian (feast day: 27 Baramudah)] COPTIC TRADITION About Victor Statelates we have four complete accounts and several that are incomplete. The martyrdom itself was published by E. Wallis Budge …

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Basil Of Oxyrhynchus

BASIL OF OXYRHYNCHUS A sixth-century author of the homily In Honor of Longinus (hegumenos of ENATON), found complete in a codex now in New York (Pierpont Morgan Library, M 579, fols. 103-110, unpublished). According to the title of the homily, Basil was bishop of Pemje (Oxyrhynchus). He delivered the homily on the occasion of the …

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Raphael

RAPHAEL An archangel. The Hebrew word repha’el can mean “God has healed.” Latin authors such as Gregory the Great (Evangelia Homiliarum 34.9) interpreted the name as “medicine of God.” In a Coptic text (Kropp, 1930, Vol. 2, p. 165) it has the meaning of “cure.” The archangel Raphael appears for the first time in Tobit …

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Hagiography, Coptic

HAGIOGRAPHY, COPTIC The writing about the saints of the Coptic church. Many religions venerate saints and so have produced a vast literature around them. Best known in the West is the monumental Acta Sanctorum (Lives of the Saints), compiled by the Society of Bollandists, a group of Jesuit scholars, beginning in the seventeenth century and …

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Gabriel, Archangel

GABRIEL, ARCHANGEL Gabriel can mean “man of God” or “strength of God” or “God reveals himself in strength.” In a Coptic exorcism text it is interpreted as “man of God” (cf. Kropp, 1930-1931, Vol. 2, p. 165). In the Old Testament book of Daniel, Gabriel appears to the prophet in the semblance of a man …

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John The Baptist, Saint

JOHN THE BAPTIST, SAINT In the New Testament the forerunner of the Messiah (feast day: 30 Ba’unah). He is called Ioannes ho Baptistes because in Matthew 3:6-11 he prepares for the coming of Christ by administering the baptism of conversion and penance. His origin and mission are described in Luke 1:5-80 as parallel to those …

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Abraham Of Farshut

ABRAHAM OF FARSHUT A sixth-century abbot (feast day: 24 Tubah). In addition to the SYNAXARION (Basset, 1916, p. 684; Forget, 1953-1954, 47-49, pp. 411-13 [text]; 78, pp. 401-05 [trans.]), which gives a brief résumé of his life, numerous Coptic folios (Campagnano, 1970, pp. 230-32, 239-41) contain the remains of two Encomia. Moreover, we have also …

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