ENATON

Christodoulus

CHRISTODOULUS The sixty-sixth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1047-1077). Christodoulus, whose original name as a monk of the ENATON, west of Alexandria, was Theodore, was a native of the village of Burah, but his date of birth is unknown. The first known event in his life concerns his castrating himself. This happened when …

Christodoulus Read More »

Simon I

SIMON I A saint and forty-second patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (689-701). His nomination came at a difficult time. His predecessor, ISAAC, had died in the midst of the fury arising from his meddling in the conflict between Ethiopia and Nubia without consulting the Umayyad governor of Egypt, ‘Abd al-‘Aziz ibn Marwan. In …

Simon I Read More »

Victor

VICTOR The abbot of the Enaton, listed in the SYNAXARION as the author of two “histories of monks” at 7 Tubah (recension from Upper Egypt) and 14 Tubah (recension from Lower Egypt). He is probably the author of the narratives of monastic history celebrated in the Middle Ages, from which the author(s) of the two …

Victor Read More »

Hermitage

HERMITAGE The lodging or dwelling house of a hermit, “one living in the desert,” or anchorite, “one living far removed.” They were probably at first only single-roomed huts that were built, according to geographical circumstances, of stone, wood, or bricks; but at an early time they had already developed into houses with several rooms. Early …

Hermitage Read More »

Saint Hilaria

SAINT HILARIA The elder daughter of the fourth-century emperor Zeno, who according to legend became a monk (feast day: 21 Tubah). Zeno had two daughters. The legend is as follows. The elder, Hilaria, seeks the monastic life but Theopiste, the younger, does not entertain such desires. Hilaria secretly, in male attire, travels to Alexandria, where …

Saint Hilaria Read More »

John II

JOHN II Surnamed Niciota, saint and thirtieth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (503-515). He was a relative of JOHN I, and formerly a hermit and monk of the ENATON monastery. He took a stronger line than his predecessor in expecting an anathema on CHALCEDON from those with whom he was in communion, although …

John II Read More »

Laura

LAURA A term that seems to have originated in Palestine, where it described a range or group of cells around a common center, including a church, a bakery, and various communal services, where the hermits gathered on Saturday and Sunday, bringing the fruit of their labors and leaving again with their bread for the week. …

Laura Read More »