Akhmim as a Source of Textiles

Akhmim as a Source of Textiles History of Textile Production in Akhmim According to the historian Strabo (Geography XVII, 41) Akhmim/Panopolis was a well-known production center of linen fabrics from pharaonic times. Up to now there is little literary evidence of textile manufacture in the town throughout the first millennium, the period to which most […]

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Coptology

COPTOLOGY A scientific discipline in Oriental studies that investigates the language and culture of Egypt and Nubia in the widest sense: literature, religion, history, archaeology, and art. Its range extends from late antiquity to the Middle Ages, or even down to the present. It touches on and intersects with a number of neighboring disciplines. The […]

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Coptological Studies

COPTOLOGICAL STUDIES Coptological studies may be divided into several periods. The oldest began in the first Christian centuries, when the Greek alphabet with the additional letters from demotic was used to elevate the spoken Egyptian language into a written language. This made it possible for many Egyptians to read the Old and New Testaments or […]

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Spoken Coptic Language

SPOKEN COPTIC LANGUAGE Coptic was the spoken language of ancient Egypt until the ARAB CONQUEST OF EGYPT in the seventh century. It was recorded first in the hieroglyphic (sacred) script, the earliest form of Egyptian pictorial writing, and succeeded by the hieratic (priestly), which was the simplified running script, and the demotic (from “demos,” meaning […]

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Jean Cledat

JEAN CLEDAT (Périgueux, France, 7 May 1872-Bouch [Dordogne], France, 29 July 1943), French Egyptologist and Coptologist. He acquired a solid grounding in Paris (including the Ecole des Beaux Arts) and, in 1898 and 1899, published his first studies in Egyptology and Coptology that dealt with both the texts and the archaeology. Clédat arrived in Egypt […]

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Jean François Champollion (1790-1832)

JEAN FRANÇOIS CHAMPOLLION (1790-1832) A French Egyptologist and student of Oriental languages, including Coptic. He was educated in Grenoble. In 1806 he gave a paper at the Académie de Grenoble in which he maintained that Coptic was the ancient language of Egypt. Ten years later he published a book entitled L’Egypte sous les Pharaons, a […]

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Emile Gaston Chassinat (1868-1948)

EMILE GASTON CHASSINAT (1868-1948) A French Egyptologist and Coptologist. He was born in Paris and studied under Gaston Maspero at the Ecole des Hautes Etudes and under Eugène Revillout and Paul Pierret at the Louvre. He was appointed to the Egyptian department of the Louvre in 1894 and joined the Institut français d’Archéologie orientale in Cairo […]

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Jaroslav Cerny (1898-1970)

JAROSLAV CERNY (1898-1970) A Czech Egyptologist. He was born in Pilsen and studied at Charles University in Prague under Frantisek Lexa and at Berlin under Adolf ERMAN. He obtained his doctorate at Prague in 1922 with a thesis on the workmen of DAYR AL-MADINAH, near Thebes, whom he firmly identified as the builders of the […]

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Serge Sauneron (D. 1976)

SERGE SAUNERON (d. 1976) A French Egyptologist. He studied at the Ecole Normale Supérieure and received the doctorat d’etat at the Sorbonne. He was member, librarian, associate director, and finally director of the Institut français d’Archéologie orientale in Cairo from 1969 until the accident that caused his death. Sauneron studied Coptic at the Institut Catholique, […]

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