Egyptian Delta

Sunbat

SUNBAT The modern name of a town in the Egyptian Delta known in Coptic as tacempo] (Tasempoti) and in Arabic as Sanbat, Sambutiyyah, or Sanmutiyyah. The town is located in the middle of the Delta in the province of Gharbiyyah about 12 miles (19 km) east of Tanta, halfway between Abusir Bana and Zifta. Tasempoti/Sunbat …

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Valentinus

VALENTINUS A Christian Gnostic teacher active in Alexandria in the early second century. Born in the Egyptian Delta, he was educated in Alexandria. He is reported by Irenaeus to have adapted the teachings of the Gnostic sect in creating his own system, which conformed to a greater degree to traditional Christian doctrine. Around 140 he …

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Samannud

SAMANNUD A city in the middle of the Egyptian Delta some 5 miles (8 km) east of al-Mahallah al-Kubra in the Gharbiyyah province. Greek documents give the name of the city as Sebennytos and in Coptic it was known as jemnou] (Djemnouti). Sebennytos/Samannud has a very old Christian tradition. ATHANASIUS I reported that the city …

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Khirbitah

KHIRBITAH A town located on the western edge of the Egyptian Delta about 3 miles (5 km) southwest of Kom Hamadah in the Beheirah Province. In Greek the town was known as Andropolis. Coptic sources from the pre-Arabic period do not mention Christians or churches in Khirbitah, but the fact that the town was a …

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Laqqanah

LAQQANAH A town located in the Egyptian Delta about 7 miles (11 km) east of Damanhur in the Beheirah Province. Laqqanah was a bishopric by 1145 when Bishop Ya‘qub al-Qari’ of the town was one of a number of men who attempted to make Yunis ibn Kadran patriarch. In 1257 Bishop John of Laqqanah was …

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Birma

BIRMA A town located in the Egyptian Delta about 7 miles (11 km) northwest of Tanta in the province of Gharbiyyah. Although Birma is listed in a number of Coptic-Arabic scales and in a list of Egyptian bishoprics (Munier, 1943, p. 64), the town is rarely referred to in Christian-Arabic literature and no bishop for …

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Biljay

BILJAY A town located in the Egyptian Delta about 5 miles (8 km) south of al-Mansurah in the Daqahliyyah province. Biljay takes its place in Christian history as the birthplace of the martyr DIOS who was killed during the reign of the emperor Maximian (Rossi, 1893). BIBLIOGRAPHY Amélineau, E. La Géographie de l’Egypte a l’époque …

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Tarnut

TARNUT A town located on the western edge of the Egyptian Delta some 12 miles (19 km) west of Minuf in the province of Minufiyyah. The site of the town is now known as Kom Abu Billu. Tarnut was a bishopric at least as early as the end of the fourth century when Bishop John …

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Al-Banawan

AL-BANAWAN A town located in the province of Gharbiyyah in the Egyptian Delta, some 9 miles (14 km) northwest of al-Mahallah al-Kubra. The SYNAXARION for 25 Abib tells the story of the martyr Apa Krajon who hailed from al-Banawan. A church was built for him in his hometown after his death. On the basis of …

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Bana

BANA A city in the province of Gharbiyyah in the middle of the Egyptian Delta, located about 6 miles (9.5 km) south of Samannud and 3 miles (5 km) south of Abusir Bana. In Greek the place was known as lower Kynopolis (in Upper Egypt there was also a Kynopolis, now known as al-Qays). In …

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