EGYPTIAN CONFERENCE OF HELIOPOLIS

Copto-Arabic Literature

COPTO-ARABIC LITERATURE Coptic literature per se, a subject treated elsewhere, is confined to the writings in the Coptic language during the early centuries of medieval Egyptian history when that language was the spoken language of the people as well as their only written instrument. After the ARAB CONQUEST OF EGYPT in the seventh century, the …

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Egyptian National Unity

EGYPTIAN NATIONAL UNITY The great achievement of the 1919 national uprising against British Occupation. It was the highest expression of harmony and understanding between Muslims and Christians in Egypt. Expressions of this harmony were numerous and varied. Their best exemplification could be found in the speeches given by Muslim shaykhs in the Coptic churches and …

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Political Parties

POLITICAL PARTIES Republican Party The Republican party was founded in 1907 by a group of intellectuals influenced by French culture, as was apparent from their adopting the slogan of the French Revolution, “Liberté, Fraternité, Egalité,” and in sharing with the French community their celebrations of 14 July. They believed that the progress of the nation …

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Muhammad ‘Ali Dynasty

MUHAMMAD ‘ALI DYNASTY A family that ruled Egypt for about a century and a half (1805-1952). The following is a brief survey of the line of succession, with particular reference to the role played by the Copts during the time of each ruler. Dates refer to the years of their accession and demise or abdication. …

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