Egyptian Antiquities Organization

Castrum

CASTRUM A Roman military camp developed from the so-called marching camp, which was constructed each evening by troops on the march in accordance with a model in force throughout the Roman empire. The uniformity of the camps enabled the soldiers to find their way about and also enabled them to react with speed in the …

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International Association For Coptic Studies (Iacs)

INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOR COPTIC STUDIES (IACS) IACS was founded in Cairo during the First International Congress of Coptology (11-17 December 1976) under the auspices of the Egyptian Antiquities Organization. It is a nonprofit organization designed to promote Coptic studies. The IACS publishes a newsletter that provides information about Coptologists and their work. It sponsors congresses …

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Kellia

KELLIA History of the Site The Kellia is one of the most important and most celebrated monastic groupings in Lower Egypt. Its location long remained uncertain. In 1935 Omar Toussoun wrongly believed he had discovered its ruins near the northwest extremity of the Wadi al- Natrun. It was the exact location of the ancient Nitria …

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Kom Namrud

KOM NAMRUD An early Christian anchorite settlement on the edge of the desert, northwest of Samalut, part of which has been uncovered by the Egyptian Antiquities Organization. As in Kellia, the hermitages consist of rectangular buildings situated well away from each other, with a walled courtyard and a small living area in one corner that …

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Bahij

BAHIJ A small village inhabited solely by bedouins, with a weekly market. It is located west of Alexandria (the last railway station before Burj al-‘Arab) on the south shore of Lake Maryut. The mounds of debris north of Bahij (Kom Bahij) contain ceramics of the Late Period. Possibly this is to be identified with the …

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