E. AMÉLINEAU

Cycle

CYCLE One of a group of works in Coptic literature dealing with episodes in the life of one or more specific characters, mostly saints and martyrs. There are two basic types of cycle: homiletic and hagiographical. The difference lies simply in the different literary forms used, with the homiletic cycles being made up of texts …

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Butrus Al-Sidmanti

BUTRUS AL-SIDMANTI A monastic writer in Arabic during the eleventh century. But<rus came from the village ofSidmant in the district of Bani Suef. The village is known as Sidmant al-Jabal; E. AMÉLINEAU records it as Posotoment. The precise dates of birth and death of Butrus are unknown beyond the fact that he lived around the …

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Pjol

PJOL The brother of Shenute’s mother, a hermit on the mountain of Atrib. When Shenute was a young boy, his father entrusted him to Pjol for his education. We do not know at what age Pjol died, or when Apa Shenute succeeded him, but it is easy to see that Shenute learned much from him. …

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Diaconia

DIACONIA A term of Greek origin with multiple meanings. The original sense of diaconia in classical and Hellenistic Greek was “service.” In later Greek, diaconia practically always denoted religious service of one kind or another, or bodies that had to do with such services. In later Greek texts from Egypt and in Coptic texts, we …

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Dayr Al-Tin

DAYR AL-TIN This monastery was mentioned for the first time by al-Shabushti (Atiya, 1939, pp. 25, 26), who died at the end of the tenth century or the beginning of the eleventh. He called it Mar Hanna and situated it on the edge of Lake al-Habash, near the Nile. The HISTORY OF THE PATRIARCHS OF …

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Agathon And His Brothers

AGATHON AND HIS BROTHERS Saints and fourth-century martyrs (feast day: 7 Tut). They are Agathon or Agathun, Peter, John, Amun, Ammunah, and their mother, Rifqah or Rebecca. The editors of the Copto-Arabic SYNAXARION, R. Basset (1907-1929) and I. Forget (1905-1926), tell us that they were from the district of Mamunyah in the province of Qus …

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Saint Abamun Of Tarnut

SAINT ABAMUN OF TARNUT A fourth-century martyr known only from the brief mention of him made by MIKHA’IL, bishop of Atrib and Malij (c. 1240), in the Copto-Arabic SYNAXARION (feast day: 27 Abib). Tarnut (with a nonemphatic initial T, contrary to the forms given by E. AMÉLINEAU, 1893, p. 493) is situated on the west …

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