DUMYAT

Ashmun Tanah

ASHMUN TANAH The ancient name of an Egyptian town now known as Ashmun al-Rumman in the province of Daqahliyyah. It is located in the eastern Delta in the district of Dikirnis, about 2.5 miles (4 km) east of Dikirnis and about 25 miles (40 km) southwest of Dumyat (Damietta). In Coptic documents the name of …

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Al-Bashmur

AL-BASHMUR An area in Egypt in which the Christian inhabitants revolted against Arab rule in the eighth and ninth centuries (see BASHMURIC REVOLTS). Christianity in the area suffered greatly as a result of the Bashmurites’ final defeat by the Arabs, but it was not quashed completely, as evidenced by the visit of a presbyter from …

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Awlad Al-‘Assal

AWLAD AL-‘ASSAL This Coptic family came originally from the village of Sadamant in the province of Bani Suef in Middle Egypt at an unknown date and settled in Cairo, where its members rose to wealth and high station at the court of the Ayyubid dynasty (A.H. 565-648/A.D. 1169-1250). They owned a residence in the capital …

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Al-Mansurah

AL-MANSURAH A city located in the Egyptian Delta about 15 miles (24 km) northeast of al-Mahallah al-Kubra in the Daqahliyyah province. Al-Malik al-Kamil founded al-Mansurah in 1218/1219 when he was fighting the Crusaders in Dumyat (Maspero and Wiet, 1919, p. 198). Though Christianity is not attested in the city until the seventeenth century, al-Mansurah takes …

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Metropolitan Sees

METROPOLITAN SEES The ancient privileges of the See of Alexandria, as confirmed by the sixth canon of the Council of NICAEA (325), placed the provinces of Egypt, Libya, and the Pentapolis in Cyrenaica under the jurisdiction of the bishop of Alexandria, although these provinces had their own metropolitans. Ancient and Medieval Times The Metropolitan See …

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Nastaruh (Nastarawah)

NASTARUH (Nastarawah) A town in Egypt that seems to have been located in the northern Delta along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea on Lake Bashmur (Maspero, 1919, p. 211). The fact that the repeated onslaughts of the Greeks against Dumyat in the middle of the ninth century prompted the citizens of Rashid, Alexandria, and …

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Coptic See Of Jerusalem

COPTIC SEE OF JERUSALEM From the beginning of the Christian era, Egypt and Egyptians have had a privileged status in Jerusalem. In the Acts of the Apostles, it is mentioned that Egyptians were among those who witnessed the descent of the Holy Spirit on Pentecost. It is also mentioned (Acts 6:9) that Alexandrians, with others, …

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