Dioscorus

Copts And The Crusades

COPTS AND THE CRUSADES To understand the position of the Copts vis-à-vis the movement of the Crusading expeditions from the West against the Muslim Middle Eastern countries, one must go back to the time of the last ecumenical council of CHALCEDON in 451. The reason for this inquiry is to elucidate Coptic feelings toward those …

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Nature Of Christ

NATURE OF CHRIST Christian churches are split into two groups regarding the union of the divine and human nature in Jesus Christ. The non-Chalcedonian, including the Coptic, Syrian, Armenian, Ethiopian, and Indian Orthodox churches, reject the decisions of the Council of CHALCEDON (A.D. 451); the Chalcedonian churches, including the Roman Catholic, Greek, and Protestant churches, …

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Ethiopian Liturgy

ETHIOPIAN LITURGY The Ethiopian liturgies are translated from the Arabic, which in turn are translations of Coptic originals. There are in fact 14 liturgies used by the Ethiopian Church: the Anaphora of the Apostles; the Anaphora of the Lord; the Anaphora of John, Son of Thunder; the Anaphora of St. Mary; the Anaphora of the …

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Dioscorus I

DIOSCORUS I A Saint and patriarch. He was the 25th patriarch of Alexandria (446-454). Our best reference about his life is the Coptic version of the History of the Patriarchs. He was a disciple of Cyril of Alexandria and a vigorous opponent of Nestorian doctrines. Eutyches also argued against the Nestorian parties but he was …

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Council Of Chalcedon

COUNCIL OF CHALCEDON After the death of the Emperor Theodosius II in 450, his sister Pulcheria married Marcian, who accordingly became emperor. The new imperial officials convoked a council at Chalcedon in order to see to the matters of the Eutychians and the Nestorians. As a result of this council, the Coptic patriarch Dioscorus was …

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Timothy II

TIMOTHY II A Saint and patriarch. He was the 26th Patriarch of Alexandria (457-477). He is commemorated on the seventh of Misra. He was commonly known as Timothy Aelurus. He became patriarch after the murder of the Chalcedonian Patriarch Proterius (451-457). He was deposed and exiled several times. Even during his exile, he remained the …

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Origen (185-Ca. 254)

ORIGEN (185-ca. 254) Theologian. Origen is the most controversial person in Christian history. He is considered by the Fathers of the Church, such as Eusebius of Caesarea and Pamphile, as being a saint, while other Fathers such as Epiphanius, Theophilus (Patriarch of Alexandria), and Shenute (or Dioscorus) considered him a heretic. In the sixth century, …

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Archives

ARCHIVES There were already archives in Egypt in the pre-Christian period, according to Helck (1975). In Christian times, too, there were official and semiofficial Greek archives: those of soldiers, priests, manual workers, and other private individuals. An attempt to reassemble such archives was announced by Heichelheim in 1932. In these archives documents were preserved, in …

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