Dictionary of Christian Biography

Hesychius

HESYCHIUS A bishop in late third- and early fourth-century Egypt and a biblical scholar. The name “Hesychius,” familiar in late antiquity, appears twenty-seven times in W. Smith’s and H. Wace’s Dictionary of Christian Biography. One reference states that five bishops of that name attended the Council of NICAEA in 325. The most famous is the …

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Rufinus (C. 345-410)

RUFINUS (c. 345-410) Rufinus Tyrannius was born at Concordia in North Italy about 345 and in 371 was baptized at Aquileia, where he lived until he began his travels in the Middle East. He lived in Egypt for six years before going to Jerusalem for two years, after which he returned to Egypt for two …

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Theonas

THEONAS The sixteenth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (282-300). Theonas was a contemporary of Roman emperors Carus (282-283), Numerianus (283-284), and DIOCLETIAN (284-305). After the death of Patriarch Maximus, it took the faithful some months to find a worthy successor. Finally they elected Theonas, who was the head of the CATECHETICAL SCHOOL OF …

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Anianus

ANIANUS The immediate successor as patriarch (68-85) to Saint MARK I the Evangelist and his first convert to the new religion in the region of Alexandria. When Mark I entered Rakotis, a suburb of Alexandria, following his journey from Cyrene in the Pentapolis, the strap of his sandal broke off. He found a cobbler named …

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Philostorgius

PHILOSTORGIUS An ecclesiastical historian, born about 368 in Cappadocia. He lived in Constantinople, where he wrote twelve books of ecclesiastical history covering the period about 300-425 (the death of the usurping emperor John), probably between 425 and 433. Philostorgius was a supporter of the semi-Arian leader Eunomius of Cyzicus, and wrote his history from that …

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Hexapla And Tetrapla

HEXAPLA AND TETRAPLA Two editions of the Old Testament by ORIGEN. The Bible was the centre of Origen’s religion, and no church father lived more in it than he did. The foundation, however, of all study of the Bible was the establishment of an accurate text. Fairly early in his career (c. 220) Origen was …

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Origen

Origen General History Origen (185-255) was one of the greatest Christians who ever lived, and certainly among the greatest of Egyptian Christians. Only ATHANASIUS can rival him in stature among the sons of Christian Egypt. He was born of Christian parents at Alexandria and probably died at Tyre. In 202 his father, Leonidas, was martyred …

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Achillas

 ACHILLAS Saint and eighteenth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (311-312) (feast day: 19 Ba’unah). Achillas succeeded PETER I, who lost his life toward the end of the persecutions begun by DIOCLETIAN. He was a contemporary of emperors Galerius (305- 310) and Licinius (308-324). During the term of Licinius, the church had a respite …

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