The Cathedral of St. Mark, southern side: stained glass windows decorated from left to right with the Flight into Egypt, St. Mark, St. Antony, and St. Athanasius.

Anba Ruways (ABBASIYA)

Anba Ruways (ABBASIYA) THE MOST IMPORTANT CONTEMPORARY COPTIC CENTER in Egypt, known as Anba Ruways, is located on Ramses street in Abbasiya. It is a compound of buildings with an enclosure wall comprising the Cathedral of St. Mark and his shrine, the Church of Anba Ruways, the Coptic papal residence, the Clerical College, the Higher […]

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The Church of the Holy Virgin (ZAYTUN)

The Church of the Holy Virgin (ZAYTUN) THE CHURCH STANDS ON TUMANBEY STREET IN ZAYTUN, CAIRO. In 1924 Tawfiq Bey Khalil entrusted the Italian architect Limongelli to erect a church there for the Holy Virgin Mary. We are told that Khalil Ibrahim Pasha had seen a vision of the Virgin, who ordered him to build […]

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Catholicos

CATHOLICOS A term of Greek origin signifying “general,” “universal,” and used as a title given to high-ranking secular officials, and later as an honorary title for certain ecclesiastical dignitaries ranking below a patriarch but above a metropolitan. On 25 June 1959, a protocol was issued in Cairo organizing the relationship between the Coptic Orthodox Church […]

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Coptic Relations With Rome

COPTIC RELATIONS WITH ROME In antiquity, the pope and Church of Alexandria stood in close and friendly relations with the pope and Church of Rome. Quite often both churches formed an alliance against New Rome (Constantinople) and its patriarch. The early synods of Alexandria were recognized by Rome: DEMETRIUS I against ORIGEN (231); PETER II […]

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Mark

MARK The Apostle, evangelist, and saint. According to the Coptic tradition, St. Mark is the founder of the Coptic Church in Egypt. This tradition is supported by the testimony of Eusebius of Caesarea in his Church History. A Coptic manuscript preserved in Paris contains a detailed story of St. Mark. This manuscript was copied in […]

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Coptic Church Review (CCR)

COPTIC CHURCH REVIEW (CCR) It is a quarterly journal published since 1980 by the Society of Coptic Church Studies, East Brunswick, New Jersey. Dr. Rodolph Yanney, Editor-in-Chief, founded CCR in order to address a significant void in English-language scholastic theological literature on the Coptic Church and the Coptic religious heritage. Born in 1929, Rodolph Yanney, […]

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Women In The Coptic Church

WOMEN IN THE COPTIC CHURCH Egypt has known Christian women devoted to God since the early centuries of Christianity. St. Antony consigned his sister to women consecrated as virgins before he devoted his life to solitude and worship. Sources speak of female ascetics such as Amma Theodora, who lived toward the end of the fourth […]

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Architectural Elements Of Churches -Index

ARCHITECTURAL ELEMENTS OF CHURCHES -INDEX Aisle Ambulatory Apse Atrium Baptistery Cancelli Ceiling Choir Ciborium Coffer Colonnade Column Crypt Daraj al-haykal Diaconicon Dome Elements Gallery Horseshoe arch Iconostasis Khurus Maqsurah Naos Narthex Nave Niche Pastophorium Pillare Porche Presbytery Prothyrone Prothesise Return aisle Roofe Sacristy Saddleback roof Sanctuary Shaq al-haykal Sacristye Sanctuarye Synthronone Tetraconche Tribelone Triconche Triumphal […]

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Crypt – Architectural Elements Of Churches

Crypt A crypt is a partly or entirely underground room, usually under a church. In ancient times a crypt was simply an underground vaulted room or passage (cryptoporticus), and in early Christian times, it was a subterranean burial chamber. In the Greek-speaking Eastern Roman Empire, such a chamber was called a taphos (Arabic, tafus). Since […]

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Cathedral Of St. Mark In Cairo

CATHEDRAL OF ST. MARK IN CAIRO It is located in the most important Coptic center in Egypt, known as Anba Ruwais. The cathedral is the only church in Egypt that was built by an Egyptian government despite the long history of Christianity in Egypt. On 24 July 1965 President Gamal Abd al-Nasser laid its foundation […]

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