Copto-Arabic Studies Bibliography

COPTO-ARABIC STUDIES BIBLIOGRAPHY General References (Referred to Below in Abbreviated Fashion) Atiya, Aziz Suryal, ed. The Coptic Encyclopedia, 8 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1991. A standard tool in English. (CE) Gibb, H. A. R. et al., eds. The Encyclopaedia of Islam, new ed., 11 vols. Leiden: Brill, 1954-. Some articles are of importance to Copto-Arabic […]

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John of Shmoun and Coptic Identity

John of Shmoun and Coptic Identity After the Council of Chalcedon in ad 451 and in particular after the Arab conquest of Egypt in ad 641, the need to demonstrate Coptic self­ identification became more important than before.[1] Usually, there is the need to stress one’s identity and define or form its features when one […]

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Coptic Relations With Rome

COPTIC RELATIONS WITH ROME In antiquity, the pope and Church of Alexandria stood in close and friendly relations with the pope and Church of Rome. Quite often both churches formed an alliance against New Rome (Constantinople) and its patriarch. The early synods of Alexandria were recognized by Rome: DEMETRIUS I against ORIGEN (231); PETER II […]

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Cheirotonia

CHEIROTONIA The practice of simony. The biblical passage cited by the Coptic jurists condemning the practice of the cheirotonia or simony is recorded by Saint Luke in the Acts of the Apostles 8:14-25. As the early church moved from its sectarian structure to an all-inclusive national cult, members of the hierarchy faced new problems concerning […]

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Canon Law

CANON LAW Codified law governing a church. The Coptic church has no codex juris canonici, as the Roman church does, but it has remained closer to its sources, which it has grouped in chronological or systematic collections. From the Coptic period, the church of Egypt was concerned with Coptic translation of the sources of church […]

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Maqara (Active Before 1350)

MAQARA (active before 1350) A Monk, canonist. Maqara was a monk of the Monastery of St. John the Little in the Wadi al-Natrun who dedicated great energy to gathering the canons of the Coptic Orthodox Church—as well as materials from other ecclesial communities—into one great Arabic-language compendium. This compendium includes the canonical collections attributed to […]

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Copto-Arabic Literature

COPTO-ARABIC LITERATURE This entry consists of four parts. The first addresses the origins and development of the Arabic literature of the Copts. This is followed by introductions to three Copto-Arabic literary genres—hagiography, apocalyptic, and popular catechesis—for which texts are usually of anonymous authorship, and therefore unlikely to be otherwise addressed in a dictionary arranged largely […]

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Yuhanna, Bishop Of Samannud (?-After 1257)

YUHANNA, BISHOP OF SAMANNUD (?-after 1257) A Bishop, scholar of Coptic. Yuhanna, who was consecrated Bishop of Samannud by Patriarch Cyril III ibn Laqlaq in 1235, is one of the pioneers of the scientific study of the Coptic language. He wrote a Bohairic-Arabic lexicon known as al-Sullam al-kana’isi (The Ecclesiastical Ladder), consisting of a list […]

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Yusab, Bishop Of Fuwwah (?-Before 1271)

YUSAB, BISHOP OF FUWWAH (?-before 1271) A Bishop, historian. Yusab, consecrated Bishop of Fuwwah in the western Delta by Patriarch Cyril III ibn Laqlaq sometime between 1237 and 1239, was a scholarly and active monk and church leader who was much involved in the ecclesiastical struggles of his day. He served, for example, as secretary […]

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History Of The Patriarchs

HISTORY OF THE PATRIARCHS Major source for Coptic Church history. The History of the Patriarchs is the principal source for the history of the Coptic Orthodox Church during the first six centuries of Islamic rule. The work came into existence toward the end of the 11th century through the labor of a team led by […]

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