Cyprian

ALPHA AND OMEGA

ALPHA AND OMEGA These are the first and last letters of the Gr. alphabet; cf. Heb. ‘Aleph to Tau’; Eng. ‘A to Z.’ The title is applied to God the Father in Rev 1:8; 21:5, and to Christ in Rev 22:13 (cf. 2:8). The ancient Heb. name for God, יהוה, has been very variously derived, …

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Coptic Art during the Ottoman Period: Documentation of the Akhmimic Style

Coptic Art during the Ottoman Period: Documentation of the Akhmimic Style History of the Akhmimic Style In the course of the seventeenth century, during the Ottoman period, significant innovations were introduced into Coptic art, which has led some scholars to speak of the ‘Akhmimic style.’ In order to study this style we need first to …

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Theology And Liturgy Bibliography

THEOLOGY AND LITURGY BIBLIOGRAPHY Abdallah, Alfonso. L’ordinamento Liturgico di Gabriele V-88 Patriarca Copto. Cairo: Ain Shams Press, 1962. ‘Abd al-Masih Salib al-Mas‘udi. Al-Khuulaji al-Muqaddas. Cairo: n.p., 1902. Alcock, Antony. The Life of Saint Samuel of Kalamun by Isaac the Presbyter. London: Aris & Philips, 1983. Allen, Pauline, and C. Datema. “Leontius presbyter of Constantinople.” Byzantina …

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Cyprian The Magician

CYPRIAN THE MAGICIAN The legend of Cyprian the Magician (perhaps mid-fourth century with further development at a later period) tells how a young man in Antioch approaches Cyprian so that with magic he can win the love of the Christian virgin Justina. But all the magical arts are frustrated by prayer and by the sign …

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Celibacy

CELIBACY The unmarried state, particularly of clergy who are so bound by a solemn vow. Although matrimony is one of the seven holy sacraments and is likened to the union between Christ and the church (Eph. 5:31, 32), ascetic celibacy is regarded as a superior state, as it relieves men from earthly attachments and prepares …

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Lord’s Prayer

LORD’S PRAYER The Lord’s Prayer is the model that Jesus Christ gave to his disciples. It is mentioned in the Gospel of Matthew 6:9-13 and in the Gospel of Luke 11:2-4, but in a different context. This prayer has been used in the liturgy since the early days of Christianity. The book of the Didache …

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Tubh

TUBH (Arabic, plural Tubuhat). This is a Coptic word meaning “pray for.” The Tubuhat were introduced as deacon’s responses in the liturgy or in the Holy Week (for the liturgies, see the Anaphora of St. Basil, St. Gregory, and St. Cyril). The Tubuhat of the morning service of the Holy Week was composed before the …

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