Council of Constantinople

Anointing

ANOINTING The application or pouring of oil on a person or an object as a sacred rite, practiced from time immemorial by various peoples and in several religions. It is known in Arabic as mash. Judaism Anointing was common for both religious and mundane purposes, to consecrate certain persons or set particular things apart as …

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Monophysitism

MONOPHYSITISM The doctrine that the incarnate Christ is one Person and has one divine nature as opposed to the orthodox doctrine that he is one Person and has two natures, one human and one divine. The rift between the Monophysites, including the Coptic, Syrian, Ethiopian, and Armenian churches, and the Orthodox Church has divided Eastern …

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Raithou (Al-Rayah)

RAITHOU (al-Rayah) Ancient town, which has disappeared, 5 miles (8 km) south of al-Tur, a small town on the west coast of the southern Sinai Peninsula. The information collected there by Porphyry Ouspensky in 1850 places al-Rayah, or at least its ruins, on the edge of the sea, two hours’ march south of al-Tur (see …

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Sabellianism

SABELLIANISM The most sophisticated form of modalist Monarchian opinions concerning the godhead and named after its originator, Sabellius “the Libyan” (fl. c. 220). Nothing is known of Sabellius, except that he was in all probability a Christian from one of the cities of Cyrenaica, where his opinions continued to be supported throughout the third century, …

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Homoiousion

HOMOIOUSION term meaning “of like substance” and used by many who were caught between the extremes of the Nicene party (HOMOOUSION, “of the same substance”) and the radical Arians who had emerged about 355. The great majority of moderates rallied under Basil of Ancyra around the compromise homoiousion, among them Melitius of Antioch and CYRIL …

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