Council of Constantinople

Timothy I

TIMOTHY I A Saint and patriarch. He was the 22nd Patriarch of Alexandria (380-385). He is commemorated on the 26th of Abib. He was a disciple of Athanasius of Alexandria, and he attended the Council of Constantinople in 381. He left a collection of canonical law in Coptic that is a translation from the original …

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Nicene Creed

NICENE CREED This Creed was formulated at the Council of Nicaea (325 a.d.). It was inspired by the Syro-Palestinian and Eusebius’ creeds. It mentioned for the first time the word homoousios, meaning “the same substance.” This term was condemned during the crisis of Paul of Samosata, but Alexander of Alexandria and Athanasius gave the true …

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Origen (185-Ca. 254)

ORIGEN (185-ca. 254) Theologian. Origen is the most controversial person in Christian history. He is considered by the Fathers of the Church, such as Eusebius of Caesarea and Pamphile, as being a saint, while other Fathers such as Epiphanius, Theophilus (Patriarch of Alexandria), and Shenute (or Dioscorus) considered him a heretic. In the sixth century, …

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Sabellianism

SABELLIANISM Sabellianism is named after its originator, Sabellius from Cyrenaica. The followers of this heresy believed that God was one substance but three activities. He manifested Himself as the Father in the Old Testament, as the Son in the New Testament, and as the Holy Spirit in Church life. Dionysius of Alexandria condemned this heresy …

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Arianism

ARIANISM A doctrine derived originally from a priest of the church of Alexandria named ARIUS (c. 270-336). It concentrated mainly on the status of the Son within the godhead, and held that he had originated at some point by the creative act of the Father’s will. Arius at first held that the Son had been …

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Apostolic Constitutions

APOSTOLIC CONSTITUTIONS A vast canonical and liturgical work circulated in Christian antiquity under this name from the end of the fourth century, but without the name of the author. It is a reworking from several sources, composed by a Syrian. Books 1-6 have as their base the DIDASCALIA, which is here adapted to contemporary institutions, …

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Timothy I, Saint

SAINT TIMOTHY I The twenty-second patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (380-385). Timothy was unanimously elected to succeed PETER II. An elderly man at the time of his election, Timothy was associated with ATHANASIUS in his earlier years and must have been profoundly influenced by his theology. He is known to have disposed of …

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Copto-Arabic Synaxarion

COPTO-ARABIC SYNAXARION A list of saints used in the Coptic church Editions of the Synaxarion This book, which has become a liturgical book, is very important for the history of the Coptic church. It appears in two forms: the recension from Lower Egypt, which is the quasi-official book of the Coptic church from Alexandria to …

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Translation Of Bishop

TRANSLATION OF BISHOP The transference of a bishop from the see for which he was consecrated to some other diocese. This practice is forbidden by Canon 15 of the Council of NICAEA (325), which states: “On account of the great disturbance and discords that occur, it is decreed that the custom prevailing in certain places …

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