Council of Chalcedon

Nicene Creed

NICENE CREED A creed formulated and defined at the Council of NICAEA in 325, representing the faith of the church as understood by the 300 or so bishops who, on the summons of the Emperor CONSTANTINE I, deliberated the orthodoxy of the Arian interpretation of Christology. The predecessors of the Nicene Creed were local baptismal …

Nicene Creed Read More »

Coptic Music

COPTIC MUSIC  Description of the Corpus and Present Musical Practice The following remarks pertain only to the music of the Coptic Orthodox Church. Other Christian churches in Egypt (Greek Orthodox, Coptic Catholic, Protestant, etc.) have their own musical practices. Coptic music, an expression of a proud and constant faith, still lives today among the Copts …

Coptic Music Read More »

Third Council Of Ephesus

THIRD COUNCIL OF EPHESUS A large synod of bishops from the provinces of Asia Minor, Ephesus III was presided over by TIMOTHY II AELURUS in 476, on his way from Constantinople to Alexandria, during the latter stages of the usurpation of Basiliscus (475-476). The convening of the synod was Timothy’s final effort to gain the …

Third Council Of Ephesus Read More »

Eparchy

EPARCHY The equivalent of the Latin province from the time of republican Rome. Whereas most provinces of the empire were administered by senatorial governors at the beginning of the imperial period, the province of Egypt was the first to have at its head a governor of equestrian rank, the eparchos or praefectus Alexandreae et Aegypti. …

Eparchy Read More »

The Enaton

THE ENATON One of the chief monastic centers of Byzantine and medieval Egypt, near Alexandria. It was called in Arabic Dayr al-Zujaj (Monastery of Glass) or Dayr al-Zajjaj (Monastery of the Glass Maker). Although the whole complex of monasteries at Enaton was completely ruined at the end of the Middle Ages, numerous Greek and Oriental …

The Enaton Read More »

Deaconess

DEACONESS A woman in charge of the sick and the poor of her own sex. In the early church, deaconesses were recognized as a distinct order of women who were vowed to perpetual chastity. They were, nevertheless, allowed to perform only certain duties in the care of women, and no sacerdotal services in the church. …

Deaconess Read More »

Acacian Schism

ACACIAN SCHISM, rupture of communion between Rome and Constantinople in the period 484-519. Behind the dispute between the two sees lay issues concerning the relations of both with Alexandria and diverging attitudes toward the Council of CHALCEDON. The death of TIMOTHY II AELURUS (“the Cat”), the anti-Chalcedonian patriarch of Alexandria, failed to end the schism …

Acacian Schism Read More »

Abraham Of Farshut

ABRAHAM OF FARSHUT A sixth-century abbot (feast day: 24 Tubah). In addition to the SYNAXARION (Basset, 1916, p. 684; Forget, 1953-1954, 47-49, pp. 411-13 [text]; 78, pp. 401-05 [trans.]), which gives a brief résumé of his life, numerous Coptic folios (Campagnano, 1970, pp. 230-32, 239-41) contain the remains of two Encomia. Moreover, we have also …

Abraham Of Farshut Read More »