Cotelier

Sisoes (Jijoi)

SISOES (Jijoi) An anchorite (fourth-fifth century). In the APOPHTHEGMATA PATRUM some fifty items mention Sisoes or Tithoes, which is another form of the same word. But it is proper to distinguish at least two if not three persons with this name. The earliest and most renowned lived with Or and MACARIUS at Scetis; he left …

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Saint John Cassian

SAINT JOHN CASSIAN A monk and author of a monastic rule. John Cassian was born around 360, no doubt in the neighborhood of the present town of Constantza, Romania. After receiving a first-rate education, John Cassian was initiated into the monastic life at Bethlehem. He soon undertook a pilgrimage to the Egyptian monastic sites, which …

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Sarapion Or Serapion

SARAPION Or Serapion, the name of several monks, who appear in the monastic sources of the fourth and fifth centuries. The name derives from that of the god Sarapis. It is not easy to distinguish the various Sarapions. The attempt was first made by Lenain de Tillemont (Vol. 10, pp. 56-62) and later by Butler …

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Apostolic Fathers

APOSTOLIC FATHERS The designation “apostolic fathers” goes back to J. B. Cotelier, who in 1672 published a two-volume edition of the Sanctorum patrum qui temporibus apostolicis floruerunt. Since then it has been usual to group under the name of Patres apostolici certain early Christian writers who were regarded as disciples of the apostles, still belonging …

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Apophthegmata Patrum

APOPHTHEGMATA PATRUM The collection of memorable words and anecdotes of the desert fathers. In the sixth century in Palestine, the monk Zosimus was already mentioning “the apophthegms of the holy old men” (Zosimus, 1864, col. 1679), but that does not seem to be the oldest or most common name. At the same period, also in …

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Saint John Colobos

SAINT JOHN COLOBOS Coptic Tradition John Colobos, the Little or the Dwarf (fourth and fifth centuries), is one of the most striking figures among the desert fathers. He is known principally from the APOPHTHEGMATA PATRUM and from a Life in the form of a panegyric composed by Zacharias, the bishop of Sakha, at the end …

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Syncletica

SYNCLETICA (fourth century?), nun. The little that is known about Syncletica is furnished by a Vita sanctae Syncleticae, transmitted by numerous Greek manuscripts, that at a late date was arbitrarily attributed to Athanasius of Alexandria. It is modeled on the Vita sancti Antonii, which probably explains this incorrect attribution. It is in the main a …

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Basil Of Oxyrhynchus

BASIL OF OXYRHYNCHUS A sixth-century author of the homily In Honor of Longinus (hegumenos of ENATON), found complete in a codex now in New York (Pierpont Morgan Library, M 579, fols. 103-110, unpublished). According to the title of the homily, Basil was bishop of Pemje (Oxyrhynchus). He delivered the homily on the occasion of the …

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Saint Theodorus Of Pherme

SAINT THEODORUS OF PHERME An anchorite of the fourth-fifth century. Several persons named Theodorus are mentioned in the APOPHTHEGMATA PATRUM, but the only one of whom much is said is the Theodorus customarily described as “of Pherme” because he lived there for the greater part of his life. He had been a monk at Scetis …

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