Copto

Dictionaries

DICTIONARIES From the time when the Copts, like other nations or linguistic entities, felt the need to have at their disposal in writing the equivalents, exact or approximate, of the words of their language, attempts were made to compose modest lists of bilingual vocabulary; these may justly be considered the ancestors of modern Coptic dictionaries. …

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Sporadic Dialect

SPORADIC DIALECT A “sporadic dialect” is any dialect attested by one or more texts that, while certainly idiolectal, are of a “transparent” IDIOLECT, allowing one to see clearly the greater part of the essential dialectal characteristics of the idiom; however, throughout the document(s), these characteristics are rivaled by those of another dialect that is continually …

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Pre-Coptic

PRE-COPTIC This general term indicates different stages of script or script forms that to a greater or lesser extent prepared or influenced the creation of the Coptic script. Since the use of the Greek alphabet is essential to the definition of Coptic, it is obvious that one must go back to the first more or …

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Apostolic Tradition

APOSTOLIC TRADITION The Apostolic Tradition is a book traditionally attributed to Hippolytus of Rome. This book is a mine of information about liturgy and canon law. Scholars believe that this text was composed in the year 215 a.d. The original Greek of this text is lost. However, we have a Coptic and a Copto-Arabic translation …

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Copto-Arabic Literature

COPTO-ARABIC LITERATURE This entry consists of four parts. The first addresses the origins and development of the Arabic literature of the Copts. This is followed by introductions to three Copto-Arabic literary genres—hagiography, apocalyptic, and popular catechesis—for which texts are usually of anonymous authorship, and therefore unlikely to be otherwise addressed in a dictionary arranged largely …

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Coptic Hagiography

COPTIC HAGIOGRAPHY Egypt was influenced by the Greek culture, hence many of the hagiographical texts were written first in this language and translated later into Coptic. It is important to use the classical hagiographical tools such as Bibliotheca Hagiographica Orientalis and the Bibliotheca Sanctorum (16 vols., Rome 1965-1976), in addition to the bibliography in each …

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Al-Wajih Yuhanna Al-Qalyubi (?-After 1271)

AL-WAJIH YUHANNA AL-QALYUBI (?-after 1271) A Biblical and Coptic scholar. Al-Wajih Yuhanna ibn Mikha’il ibn Sadaqa al-Qalyubi is a rather overlooked figure of the “golden age” of Copto-Arabic literature, despite his connection to well-known scholars such as al-Mu’taman ibn al-‘Assal, and despite his extensive scholarly output, which includes a Coptic grammar, a careful new Arabic …

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