Coptic secretary


CHRISTODOULUS The sixty-sixth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1047-1077). Christodoulus, whose original name as a monk of the ENATON, west of Alexandria, was Theodore, was a native of the village of Burah, but his date of birth is unknown. The first known event in his life concerns his castrating himself. This happened when …

Christodoulus Read More »


MUBASHIRUN The title of the leading Coptic officials in the Egyptian tax administration during the French occupation of Egypt (1798-1801). “Mubashirun” (sing. mubashir, steward) and katabah (sing. katib, secretary), were names given in Mamluk and Osmanli Egypt to employees in the ruznamah (state financial administration) and in the domain of the Mamluk and native ruling …

Mubashirun Read More »