Coptic monk

Copto-Arabic Literature

COPTO-ARABIC LITERATURE Coptic literature per se, a subject treated elsewhere, is confined to the writings in the Coptic language during the early centuries of medieval Egyptian history when that language was the spoken language of the people as well as their only written instrument. After the ARAB CONQUEST OF EGYPT in the seventh century, the …

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Saint Bulus Al-Habis

SAINT BULUS AL-HABIS A Coptic monk and “new martyr” of the thirteenth century. Bulus al-Habis (Paul the Solitary) appears in the Islamic-Arabic sources as having descended from a respectable Coptic family of scribes in Cairo. Mikha’il, as he was known prior to taking the monastic vows, was himself a katib (scribe or secretary). During the …

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Peter V

PETER V The eighty-third patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1340-1348). Peter (Butrus) ibn Dawud was originally a monk of the Monastery of Saint Macarius (DAYR ANBA MAQAR); then he was chosen as abbot of DAYR SHAHRAN. He was unanimously nominated for the patriarchate one year after the decease of BENJAMIN II, his predecessor. …

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Fiqtor – Ethiopian Prelates

ETHIOPIAN PRELATES: FIQTOR (fl. second half eleventh century) Fiqtor (Victor; Arabic, Buqtur) is the first metropolitan bishop mentioned in the History of the Patriarchs after Dan’el, who had been consecrated near the end of the tenth century, thus indicating a hiatus in the succession. According to the above-mentioned History, Fiqtor was bishop of the Ethiopian …

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Mamluks And The Copts

MAMLUKS AND THE COPTS Under the rule of the Mamluk dynasty (1250-1517), the Copts were protected by their skill in handling taxation and state finances. Occasionally, as a political subterfuge, the Mamluk sultans dismissed them from office for their refusal to convert to Islam, but Copts were soon again employed to save the state from …

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Nastas Ibn Jurayj

NASTAS IBN JURAYJ A tenth-century Christian physician of Egypt. The Arabic sources do not make it clear whether he was a Copt or a Melchite. However, Schacht and Meyerhof (1937, p. 137, 12) and M. Ullmann (1970, p. 138) state that he was a Copt. P. Sbath (1940) calls him a “Coptic monk,” which is …

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John VII

JOHN VII The seventy-seventh patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1262-1268, 1271-1293). John had a rival in GABRIEL III, who replaced him by order of the sultan for a period, after which he recaptured the patriarchal seat for a second time. A native of Old Cairo, his full name was Yu’annis ibn Abi Sa‘id …

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