Coptic church

Patriarch’s Consecration

PATRIARCH’S CONSECRATION The rite supposes that the patriarch-elect is a monk, although several times in Coptic history laymen were elected and consecrated as patriarchs, such as the patriarchs Afraham ibn Zur‘ah and Gabriel ibn Turayk. If the candidate is a simple monk, then he should be raised to the second degree of monasticism, namely the …

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Psalis

PSALIS The psalis are hymns recited before the Odes and the Theotokia. The psalis could be sung with the Adam tune or with the Batos tune. There are several types of psalis. The first and most ancient type is the psalis “My Lord Jesus Christ” that could date prior to the eighth century. Some of …

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Samuel (1920-1981)

SAMUEL (1920-1981) A Bishop. He was born Sa‘d ‘Aziz in Cairo. On 6 October 1981 he gave his life along with Egyptian President Anwar al-Sadat at the hands of Muslim extremist assassins. He graduated from the Faculty of Law at Fouad I University (now Cairo University) in 1941, and obtained a diploma in divinity from …

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Shenouda III

SHENOUDA III  A Monk, bishop, teacher, writer, politician, and 117th patriarch of the Coptic Church (1971-). He was born Nazir Gayed in Assiut. He played a great role in the renaissance of the Coptic Church. He studied history and graduated from Cairo University in 1947 and from the Clerical College in 1949. He served as …

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Marcus Simaika (1864-1944)

MARCUS SIMAIKA (1864-1944) The Founder of the Coptic Museum. He was born in Cairo to venerable and prosperous Coptic parents. From his youth he showed great interest in Egypt’s Christian monuments. It is to his well-deserved credit that he founded the Coptic Museum in 1908. He succeeded in attracting the Coptic Church and the Egyptian …

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Coptic Media Online

COPTIC MEDIA ONLINE Introduction Copts have historically sustained a strong presence across all forms of media in Egypt. The Coptic Church and individual Coptic intellectuals were crucial actors in the development of the publishing industry in Egypt in the latter half of the nineteenth century and the first half of the twentieth century when the …

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