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COMMUNITY COUNCIL - Page 2 of 3 - Coptic Wiki

COMMUNITY COUNCIL

Coptic Benevolent Societies

COPTIC BENEVOLENT SOCIETIES Societies set up by voluntary organizations, which constitute an important element in the social fabric of Egypt. Their growing importance and the role they played were conducive to the creation of a Ministry of Social Affairs in 1952, with the express aim of supervising these societies, which multiplied throughout the country in …

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Coptic Education

COPTIC EDUCATION The origins of Coptic education may be traced to the period of the introduction of Christianity in the second half of the first century, when ancient educational traditions in the temples became colored with the doctrines and traditions of the new religion. According to Eusebius of Caesarea in his Historia Ecclesiastica, written in …

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Sa‘D Mikha’il ‘Abdu

SA‘D MIKHA’IL ‘ABDU (1831-1892) An Egyptian government administrator. He was a contemporary of Basilius Bey in whose administration he worked. In the performance of his duties, he gained direct access to the khedive’s court and was able to receive certain favors for the Coptic community from both Khedive Ismail (1803-1879) and his successor Tewfik (1879-1892). …

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Habib Jirjis (1876-1951)

HABIB JIRJIS (1876-1951) Coptic theologian. He was born at Azbakiyyah, Cairo, and joined the Coptic School at Harit al- Saqqayin. He was one of the earliest students enrolled in the CLERICAL COLLEGE after its inception in 1892. He graduated in 1898, became a teacher of theology at the College, and then dean in 1918. He …

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Personal Status Law

PERSONAL STATUS LAW The term “personal status” was adopted during the period of Egyptian legal reform in the last quarter of the nineteenth century, to categorize certain laws governing the personal, not property, matters of individuals in accordance with their own respective religions. This concept became an established part of Egyptian legislation. Historical Background The …

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Philosophy

PHILUTHAWUS IBRAHIM AL-BAGHDADI (1837-1904) An Egyptian clergyman. He was born in Tanta, capital of the Gharbiyyah Province in the Delta, and received his early education in Coptic schools. He then worked as a clerk while learning Italian, which was then the language of commerce. He joined public service for two years in the province of …

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Coptic Press

COPTIC PRESS Major Organs Copts began publishing religious, intellectual, and political periodicals in the second half of the nineteenth century. Some journals and newspapers were written to appeal to Muslims as well as Christians, while others focused more narrowly on communal and church affairs. The heyday of such publications was the seventy-five years between the …

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