COMMUNITY COUNCIL

Clerical College (Cairo)

CLERICAL COLLEGE (Cairo) The idea of the establishment of a school for teaching Coptic theology to prepare a new generation of educated priests to assume religious responsibilities in Coptic churches goes back to the middle of the nineteenth century. Until that time the priesthood in Coptic churches held a monopoly as it was a hereditary …

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Coptic Community Council

COPTIC COMMUNITY COUNCIL A council made up of laymen to take part in the administration of community affairs. With the emergence of the Coptic church from its declining circumstances under the successive waves of persecution in the Middle Ages, its reawakening in modern times was associated with various attempts at reform. The first and most …

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Watani

WATANI Watani is an Egyptian weekly Sunday newspaper published in Cairo, Egypt, and sold worldwide and is also available at website, www.wataninet.com. Watani provides complete coverage on national news and civil life, but distinguishes itself with a special focus on Coptic religious experience, culture, heritage, contributions to Egyptian society and world civilization, as well as …

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CYRIL V

CYRIL V The 112th patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1874-1927). He was born at the village of Tizmant in Bani Suef Province, in 1824, and was known as Hanna al-Nasikh (the calligrapher) because of his beautiful handwriting. At the age of twenty he entered DAYR AL- BARAMUS in Wadi al-Natrun. He was elevated …

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Shenouda III

SHENOUDA III  A Monk, bishop, teacher, writer, politician, and 117th patriarch of the Coptic Church (1971-). He was born Nazir Gayed in Assiut. He played a great role in the renaissance of the Coptic Church. He studied history and graduated from Cairo University in 1947 and from the Clerical College in 1949. He served as …

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Sarjiyus, Malati

SARJIYUS, MALATI (1883-1964) An Egyptian clergyman better known as Qummus Sarjiyus. He was born in Jirja, in Upper Egypt, with a long line of clerical ancestors behind him. Sarjiyus joined the CLERICAL COLLEGE in 1899 and graduated with a distinguished record that qualified him to teach in the same college. His revolutionary tendencies, which characterized …

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Waqf, Coptic

COPTIC WAQF An Arabic term (plural awqaf) that has a meaning similar to “estate in mortmain,” the inalienable possession of property, or tenure of land, by an ecclesiastical or charitable organization. The waqf is a legal system derived from Islamic jurisprudence, which was applied in Egypt after the ARAB CONQUEST (A.D. 641). Awqaf are of …

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