Commerce

ALEXANDRIA (Ἀλεξάνδρια)

ALEXANDRIA (Ἀλεξάνδρια) The city of Alexandria almost realized Alexander the Great’s dream of ‘a city surpassing anything previously existing’ (Plutarch, Alex. xxvi.). Planned by Dinocrates under the king’s supervision, and built on a neck of land two miles wide interposed between the Mediterranean Sea and Lake Mareotis (Mariut), about 14 miles from the Canopic mouth …

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The Sabbath

The Sabbath The sanctity of the Sabbath was instituted at Creation. After His creative work of six days, God rested on the seventh day and hallowed it. By hallowing it, God set the seventh day apart. He consecrated it as holy. Proper observance of the Sabbath was one of the Ten Commandments given at Mount …

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Copts In The Diaspora

COPTS IN THE DIASPORA The largest communities of Coptic emigrants are in the United Stated, Canada, and Australia. Statistics concerning their population are unavailable. However, according to unofficial sources, they number between 400,000 and 1,000,000. A considerable number of the Copts left Egypt for the West because of discrimination; others left because of the nationalization …

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Pilgrimage

PILGRIMAGE The veneration of the saints at pilgrimage sites is one of the characteristics of the Coptic religious life, past and present. In the Late Antique period, the significant pilgrimage center of St. Menas (Abu Mina), which flourished from the fifth to the eighth century, attracted pilgrims from all over the world. Nowadays Copts flock …

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Uhanna Sheftishi

YUHANNA SHEFTISHI An 18th-19th-century priest and scholar. He was born in Cairo. He served as an interpreter, adjudicator for tax collection, and main recorder at the Tribunal of Commerce under the French administration following the Campaign of Napoleon Bonaparte in Egypt (1798-1801). He was appointed a colonel in the Coptic legion, which General Ya‘qub had …

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