Commentary

American Jewish Committee (AJC)

American Jewish Committee (AJC) n. English Established in 1906 in response to hundreds of pogroms in Russia, the American Jewish Committee works to fight anti-Semitism, safeguard principles of democracy, and nurture pluralism and cooperative relationships among diverse ethnic and religious groups. The AJC also publishes Commentary, a journal of political thought. noun Eisenberg, J., Scolnic, …

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ANSWER

ANSWER Passing over the very large number of occurrences of this word in the common sense of ‘reply’ (ἀποκρίνομαι, ἀπόκρισις), there are one or two interesting usages to note before we come to the most theologically significant use of the term. Thus in Tit 2:9 slaves are enjoined not to ‘answer again’ (AV; RV ‘gainsay,’ …

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ÆON (αἰών, αἰῶνες, ‘age,’ ‘ages’)

ÆON (αἰών, αἰῶνες, ‘age,’ ‘ages’) There is some uncertainty as to the derivation of the word αἰών. Some relate it with ἄημι, ‘to breathe,’ but modern opinion connects it with ἀεί, αἰεί (= αἰών), and finds as other derivatives the Latin œvum and the English ‘aye.’ In the LXX αἰών is used to translate עוֹלָם …

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ADAM (Ἀδάμ)

ADAM (Ἀδάμ) Adam was the first man (אָדָם = man) and the parent of the human race.—1. When the writer of Jude (v. 14) thinks it worth noting that Enoch (q.v.) was ‘the seventh from Adam’ (ἕβδομος ἀπὸ Ἀδάμ), he probably has in mind the sacredness of the number seven. It seems to him an …

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ABRAHAM (Ἀβραάμ)

ABRAHAM (Ἀβραάμ) Addressing a Jewish crowd in the precincts of the Temple, St. Peter emphasizes the connexion between the Hebrew and the Christian religion by proclaiming that ‘the God of Abraham … hath glorified his servant (παῖδα; cf. RVm) Jesus’ (Ac 3:13). This Divine title, which is similarly used in St. Stephen’s speech (7:32), was …

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ABBA

ABBA Abba is the emphatic form of the Aram. word for ‘father’ (see Dalman, Aram. Gram. p. 98, for אב and its various forms; also Maclean, in DCG, s.v.). It is found only in three passages in the NT, viz. Mk 14:36, Ro 8:15, Gal 4:6; in each case ὁ πατήρ is subjoined to Ἀββᾶ, …

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The Role of the Female Elder in Shenoute’s White Monastery

The Role of the Female Elder in Shenoute’s White Monastery[1] THE WHITE MONASTERY in the fourth and fifth centuries consisted of dif­ferent communities, or congregations. They were separated physically but united under one set of monastic rules and one main monastic leader, at least during the tenure of its third head, Shenoute. One of these …

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Searching for Shenoute: A Copto-Arabic Homilary in Paris, BN arabe 4796

Searching for Shenoute: A Copto-Arabic Homilary in Paris, BN arabe 4796 Introduction and Review Will students of the Arabic literature of the Copts be able to contribute to the current intensive study of the literary corpus of St. Shenoute the Archimandrite? The idea that they might is by no means farfetched. After all, Arabic recensions …

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