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Codices - Page 2 of 3 - Coptic Wiki


Two Witnesses of Christian Life in the area of Balyana: The Church of the Virgin and the Monastery of Anba Moses

Two Witnesses of Christian Life in the area of Balyana: The Church of the Virgin and the Monastery of Anba Moses[1] The town of Balyana stands on the west bank of the Nile in the Sohag governorate. I have had many opportunities to be in touch with Christian life in this area of Upper Egypt …

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Gnosticism Bibliography

GNOSTICISM BIBLIOGRAPHY Attridge, Harold W., ed. Nag Hammadi Codex I (The Jung Codex). Nag Hammadi Studies 22-23. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1985. Bohlig, Alexander, and Frederik Wisse, eds. Nag Hammadi Codices III, 2 and IV, 2: The Gospel of the Egyptians (The Holy Book of the Great Invisible Spirit). Nag Hammadi Studie, 4. Leiden: E. …

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Coptic Literature

COPTIC LITERATURE Comparatively little Coptic literature, which is almost entirely religious, has survived. Coptic literature flourished from the fourth to the ninth century. The 10th and the 11th centuries did not witness new literary works; literary activity was limited to editing and compiling older works. Most of the Coptic literature is written in codices, the …

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Bruce Codex (Codex Brucianus)

BRUCE CODEX (CODEX BRUCIANUS) Seventy-eight unbound papyrus leaves purchased in about 1769 in Upper Egypt by the Scottish traveler James Bruce, eventually acquired by the Bodleian Library in Oxford. Inscribed in Coptic, they date from the fourth or fifth century. The papyrus leaves are probably the remains of two independent codices: 31 leaves containing the …

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Patriarch Alexander I

PATRIARCH ALEXANDER I He was the 19th patriarch of the See of St. Mark (312-326). He succeeded Achillas in the year 312 a.d., just after the end of the great persecution. Alexander faced three problems during his episcopate. He was first troubled over the timing of the Easter observance by a schismatic faction led by …

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Coptic Museum

COPTIC MUSEUM The Coptic Museum boasts the largest collection of Coptic art in the world. In 1908, Marcus Simaika Pasha founded the museum on behalf of the Coptic Church. He chose for it a unique spot in Old Cairo within the Fortress of Babylon and surrounded by a number of Cairo’s ancient churches. Simaika brought …

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Gnosticism In Egypt

GNOSTICISM IN EGYPT The term “Gnosticism” was first coined in the 17th century to refer to an early Christian heresy described by the Church Father Irenaeus of Lyon in his five volumes Against Heresies (ca. 185). Historians of religions use the term to refer to a religion that probably developed around the turn of the …

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Gospel Of Judas

GOSPEL OF JUDAS Its text is extant in only one manuscript, known as Codex Tchacos, an early fourth-century Coptic papyrus manuscript that surfaced in the 1970s. It is reported that the codex was discovered during an illegal search for treasures in a burial cave near the village of Qarrara north of al-Minya in Middle Egypt. …

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