Closely

Books Of Jeu

BOOKS OF JEU Two Gnostic texts partially preserved in Coptic in the Bruce Codex. At the end of the first book is a title, “The Book of the Great Mystery-Message.” The current title, the Books of Jeu, was applied to the texts by Carl Schmidt, reflecting his view that they are “the two books of …

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Berlin Gnostic Codex (Papyrus Berolinensis 8502)

BERLIN GNOSTIC CODEX (PAPYRUS BEROLINENSIS 8502) A fifth-century papyrus manuscript discovered in Egypt sometime in the 19th century and purchased for the Berlin Museum in 1896 by Carl Schmidt. It contains three Gnostic tractates and one non-Gnostic Christian work. These are, respectively, the Gospel of Mary, the Apocryphon of John, the Sophia of Jesus Christ, …

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Nag Hammadi Codices

NAG HAMMADI CODICES A group of 12 papyrus codices plus eight leaves dating from the fourth century and inscribed in Coptic. The manuscripts were discovered in a buried storage jar by fellahin (farmers) in 1945 some 10 kilometers from Nag Hammadi, and are now housed in the Coptic Museum in Old Cairo. Publication of the …

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Priest

PRIEST The priest is mentioned several times in the New Testament. Christ chose a number of men and named them apostles (; ). By the full authority that was committed to Him, He commanded them to go forth and baptize people everywhere and teach them to observe His commandments. They alone were given the power …

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Roman Army

ROMAN ARMY Roman troops were already present in Egypt when the country was still ruled by the Ptolemaic dynasty. Ptolemy XII Auletes, who had been driven from his throne by the Alexandrian opposition, would hardly have been able to reenter Egypt without the military aid of the Roman legate Aulus Gabinius (55 B.C.). Since that …

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