church councils

Baptism

BAPTISM Origin, Features, and Administration of Baptism Baptism is the sacrament by which the recipient is regenerated through triple immersion in water in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, enters into union with Christ and the body of the church, and receives the gift of the Holy Spirit. Baptism is …

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Anathema

ANATHEMA Either a votive offering set up in a temple (2 Macc. 2:13; Philo, De vita Mosis 1.253) or, in general terms, that which is devoted to a divinity either consecrated or accursed. In New Testament times, the meaning was moving in the direction of the latter, the best example being in Paul’s First Letter …

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Hefele, Karl Joseph

HEFELE, KARL JOSEPH (1809-1893) A German  churchman, educator, and ecclesiastical historian. He taught at Tubingen from 1836, became full professor in 1840, and was elected bishop of Rothenburg in 1869. He visited Rome just before his election, and owing to his vast knowledge in the field of church councils, was chosen by the Vatican as …

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Harit Al-Rum

HARIT AL-RUM Coptic quarter in old Cairo and the residence of the Coptic patriarchs from John XVI (1676-1718) to Cyril IV (1854-1861), who moved the patriarchal seat to the Azbakiyyah quarter in modern Cairo. The name Harit al-Rum means “alley of the Greeks.” The district of Harit al-Rum could be reached from the Sukkariyyah district …

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Mansi, Giovanni Domenico (1692-1769)

MANSI, GIOVANNI DOMENICO (1692-1769) An Italian churchman and prolific author and editor of religious texts. One of his major projects was the issuance of a new edition of Baronius’ Annales ecclesiastici (1738-1756) supplemented by his own notes and addenda. However, the main object of his life remained the compilation of the church councils, Sacrorum Conciliorum …

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Eccage

ECCAGE The title and office of the eccage (high church dignitary) have been of national importance in Ethiopia for several centuries. Insofar as the ABUN was alien to the language and culture of the country, it was necessary for an Ethiopian dignitary to be appointed as chief administrator of the church. The Nebura’ed of Axum …

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