Christian community

Mahallat Abu ‘Ali

MAHALLAT ABU ‘ALI A town mentioned in the HISTORY OF THE PATRIARCHS as the home of a dumb, lame man who was brought to Saint Bessus in DAYR YUHANNIS KAMA where he was healed. This account, which indicates that Mahallat Abu ‘Ali had a Christian community in the latter half of the eleventh century, does …

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Mark, Saint

MARK, SAINT One of the Twelve Apostles of Christ, traditionally regarded as the author of the Gospel of Mark and the first patriarch of the Coptic church (feast day: 30 Baramudah). The meager historical sources on Saint Mark’s life have given rise to conflicting accounts about his personality and even about his Gospel. Whereas liberal …

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Mass Of The Faithful

MASS OF THE FAITHFUL The major section of the eucharistic service, during which the oblations are consecrated and the bread and wine become the body and blood of Jesus Christ. It is preceded by the MASS OF THE CATECHUMENS, which, in the early church, was the only part of the Divine Liturgy open to those …

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Mass Of The Catechumens

MASS OF THE CATECHUMENS The eucharistic service comprising two distinct, inseparable, and complementary sections: the Mass (or Liturgy) of the Catechumens and the MASS OF THE FAITHFUL, so-called because catechumens, who could attend the first part of the service, were not permitted to attend the second until they had satisfactorily completed their course of religious …

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Saint Pachomius (292-346)

SAINT PACHOMIUS (292-346) founder of cenobitic monasticism (feast day: 14 Bashans). He was born of pagan parents in Upper Egypt. His first contact with Christianity occurred in 312, when he was a conscript in the Roman army. As a soldier, he experienced great acts of charity from a local community of Christians whose members brought …

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Elkasites

ELKASITES A name occurring in variant spellings in several patristic texts and referring either to an allegedly revelatory book or to a religious teacher. Details about a book connected with the name Elchasai or Elxai are found in Hippolytus’ Refutation and in the Panarion of Epiphanius. In Hippolytus, Elchasai is assigned a role in the …

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Ibtu

IBTU According to S. Timm (1984), the Arabic name of the city that was known in Greek as boutoj (Boutos) and in Coptic as bouto or pouto (Bouto, Pouto). The city, which no longer exists, was located in the northwest part of the Egyptian Delta in what is now the Gharbiyyah province, about 6 miles …

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Jirja

JIRJA A town in Upper Egypt on the West Bank of the Nile some 20 miles (32 km) southeast of Suhaj. A number of early Coptic gravestones come from Jirja, which may indicate that the town had a Christian community at an early date, but the first definite witness for Christianity in the settlement is …

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Dayr Al-Shalwit

DAYR AL-SHALWIT About 6 miles (10 km) northwest of Armant is a small temple erected by the Roman emperors Hadrian and Antonius Pius in honor of the goddess Isis that is described by the local inhabitants under the name Dayr al-Shalwit. It was occupied by a Christian community, as is shown by numerous graffiti traced …

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