Christian community

Canons Of Hippolytus

CANONS OF HIPPOLYTUS A series of thirty-eight canons peculiar to the Copts and certainly only a reworking of the famous Apostolic Tradition attributed, rightly or wrongly, to the antipope Hippolytus (Geerard, 1974-1987, Vol. 1, no. 1737; see also no. 1742). It would be helpful to know who the author is, an Alexandrian or a Roman, …

Canons Of Hippolytus Read More »

Pachomius (292-346)

PACHOMIUS (292-346) A Saint, abbot. He is the founder of cenobitic or communal monasticism. He was born of pagan parents in a small village in Esna in Upper Egypt. As a soldier recruited in the Roman army, he had his first contact with Christianity where he experienced acts of charity from the Christian community at …

Pachomius (292-346) Read More »

Timothy I, Saint

SAINT TIMOTHY I The twenty-second patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (380-385). Timothy was unanimously elected to succeed PETER II. An elderly man at the time of his election, Timothy was associated with ATHANASIUS in his earlier years and must have been profoundly influenced by his theology. He is known to have disposed of …

Timothy I, Saint Read More »

Ibrahim Ibn ‘Isa

IBRAHIM IBN ‘ISA A physician who studied under and worked with Yuhanna ibn Masawayh in Baghdad. Ibrahim was, after coming to Egypt, a personal physician to the amir Ahmad ibn Tulun (868-884), whom he used to accompany on his journeys. He remained in the amir’s service and continued to reside in al-Fustat (Old Cairo) until …

Ibrahim Ibn ‘Isa Read More »

Sharunah

SHARUNAH Site of a Christian community at the time of the Arab conquest. The Futuh al-Bahnasa (Galtier, 1909, p. 131) says explicitly that the Christians of Sharunah allied themselves with those of Ahrit (see DAYR AL-HADID). There were two monasteries close at hand, according to the Livre des perles enfouies, the date of which is …

Sharunah Read More »

Heresy

HERESY A transliteration of the Greek hairesis, which denoted either a set of principles or those who adhered to such principles as a sect or school. Especially among Christians and Jews, the term came to refer to those holding false doctrines or teachings, obviously so designated by those who professed to have the true doctrines …

Heresy Read More »

Letter Of Peter To Philip

LETTER OF PETER TO PHILIP A Gnostic Christian tract, probably from the second century. The only manuscript that we have of this treatise is the Coptic translation of the original Greek. The Coptic text (NAG HAMMADI LIBRARY VIII. 2) recounts a Gnostic version of Pentecost, the descent of the Holy Spirit that gave birth to …

Letter Of Peter To Philip Read More »