Christian churches

Umm Al-Barakat (Tebtynis)

UMM AL-BARAKAT (Tebtynis) A site where numerous Ptolemaic to Byzantine papyri were found. Ancient Tebtynis, situated on the southeastern edge of the Fayyum, belongs to the settlements that sprang up in the vicinity of a temple—in this case of the crocodile deity Suchos. The origins of the settlement probably reach back to the period of …

Umm Al-Barakat (Tebtynis) Read More »

Egyptian Bible Text

EGYPTIAN BIBLE TEXT A group of Greek biblical texts originating in Alexandria, the site of the famous CATECHETICAL SCHOOL where Coptic and Greek theologians were busy with Christian religious studies, undoubtedly including texts of the Bible. It was here that ORIGEN compiled his famous Hexapla (see HEXAPLA AND TETRAPLA), and surely this tradition persisted at …

Egyptian Bible Text Read More »

Cyrus Al-Muqawqas

CYRUS AL-MUQAWQAS A Byzantine bishop of Phasis in the region of the Caucasus until 631, when Emperor Heraclius decided to assign him the more important diocese of Egypt, with the express command to curb the obstinate Coptic community and bring its members to Chalcedonian obedience. In 451 the Copts had opposed the Council of CHALCEDON …

Cyrus Al-Muqawqas Read More »

Anglican Church In Egypt

ANGLICAN CHURCH IN EGYPT Since 1815, when the Church Missionary Society (CMS) in London commissioned William Jowett to lead a team of missionaries, whose initial mandate was not to make converts among Muslims but to seek to bring about the “enlightenment and elevation” of “those who are already outwardly members of Christian churches,” the Anglican …

Anglican Church In Egypt Read More »

Sacrament

SACRAMENT The Coptic church recognizes seven canonical sacraments: confirmation, the Eucharist, repentance, unction of the sick, Matrimony, and holy orders. These sacraments, which are rites ordained by Christ, are outward and visible signs of inward and spiritual grace. Though not enumerated together in the New Testament, they are mentioned separately in various passages. From the …

Sacrament Read More »

Madamud

MADAMUD A town on the east bank of the Nile, about 5 miles (8 km) northeast of Luxor, and from the pharaonic down to the Roman period an important cultic center of the Theban district-god Month, which still emerges from the place-name today. The temple of Month and of the bull Buchis sacred to him …

Madamud Read More »

Mahallat Al-Amir

MAHALLAT AL-AMIR A town located in the Delta province of Beheira some 5 miles (8 km) southeast of Rashid. The HISTORY OF THE PATRIARCHS relates that during the patriarchate of CHRISTODOULUS (1047-1077) the Muslim authorities ordered that Christian churches and monasteries were to be closed and a special tax for Christians was to be assessed. …

Mahallat Al-Amir Read More »

Mamluks And The Copts

MAMLUKS AND THE COPTS Under the rule of the Mamluk dynasty (1250-1517), the Copts were protected by their skill in handling taxation and state finances. Occasionally, as a political subterfuge, the Mamluk sultans dismissed them from office for their refusal to convert to Islam, but Copts were soon again employed to save the state from …

Mamluks And The Copts Read More »