Christ

Omar Toussoun (1872-1944)

OMAR TOUSSOUN (1872-1944) A prince of the Egyptian royal family, scholar, and philanthropist. There were few aspects of Egyptian progress that did not benefit from his support and his practical encouragement. He was particularly devoted to the interests of agriculture and agricultural workers. He was deeply interested in the history and the geography of Egypt …

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Olympiodorus Of Thebes

OLYMPIODORUS OF THEBES A fifth-century historian who wrote a work comprising twenty-two books that was dedicated to Emperor Theodosius II. It deals with the years 407-435 and is based on his own experiences (e.g., whith the Blemmyes in Nubia). BIBLIOGRAPHY Baldwin, B. “Olympiodoros of Thebes.” L’antiquité classique 49 (1980):212-31. Moravcsik, G. Byzantino-Turcica, 2nd ed., Vol. …

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Saint Olympius

SAINT OLYMPIUS A physician of Nicomedia (modern Izmir, Turkey), who was martyred in Egypt under DIOCLETIAN. His name is not found in the Copto-Arabic SYNAXARION, and since the Coptic texts that mention him are also fragmentary, the day he was commemorated is not known. Two Coptic texts concern him: his Passion, now in six fragments …

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Saints Paese And Tecla

SAINTS PAESE AND TECLA A brother and sister who were martyrs under Diocletian (feast day: 8 Kiyahk). The text of their Passion has survived in one complete manuscript in Sahidic and in other fragments (Reymond-Barnes, 1973; cf. Browne, 1974). Paese was a rich property owner from Pousire, near Shmun; Tecla was his widowed sister. When …

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Oxyrhynchus Papyri

OXYRHYNCHUS PAPYRI Oxyrhynchus is the name of the chief town of an ancient district in Middle Egypt, on the west bank of the Bahr Yusuf west of the Nile, at modern Bahnasa. So called by the Greeks after a fish worshiped there, it became famous particularly through the excavations for papyri carried out by B. …

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Saint Pachomius (292-346)

SAINT PACHOMIUS (292-346) founder of cenobitic monasticism (feast day: 14 Bashans). He was born of pagan parents in Upper Egypt. His first contact with Christianity occurred in 312, when he was a conscript in the Roman army. As a soldier, he experienced great acts of charity from a local community of Christians whose members brought …

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Coptic Medicine

COPTIC MEDICINE The first evidence for Coptic medicine comes from Pachomius in the first half of the fourth century (Lefort, 1933, 87ff.). All other Coptic texts dealing with medicine are preserved in copies that date from the fifth to the twelfth centuries. From the mid-nineteenth century on, Coptic medicine, evidence for which is available in …

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