CHRISM

Mina II

MINA II, sixty-first patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (956-974). Mina was a native of the village of Sandala. He became a monk in the monastery of Saint Macarius (DAYR ANBA MAQAR). He was a docile youth and his parents married him to a relative against his will. So when he joined his wife …

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John IX

JOHN IX The eighty-first patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1320-1327). John IX succeeded his predecessor and namesake at one of the most critical moments in Coptic history. Little is known about his life before he took the monastic vow, nor do we know much about his life as a monk. The HISTORY OF …

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John XVI

JOHN XVI The 103rd patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (1676-1718). He succeeded MATTHEW IV (1660-1675), originally a monk of DAYR AL-BARAMUS. As a native of the old city of Tukh al- Nasara or Tukh Dalakah his secular name before taking the monastic vow at DAYR ANBA ANTUNIYUS was Ibrahim al- Tukhi. He was …

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Euchologion

EUCHOLOGION Originally a comprehensive prayerbook but now confined to the prayers used in the evening and morning offering of incense, and the three anaphoras of BASIL THE GREAT, GREGORY THE THEOLOGION, and CYRIL THE GREAT, the last being the Liturgy of Saint Mark the Apostle. The first bilingual (Coptic and Arabic) euchologion, named the Great …

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Eucharist

EUCHARIST One of seven sacraments in the Coptic church. Although all sacraments contain and impart grace, the Eucharist carries the most sublime grace of all. In BAPTISM, for example, water remains water, as does the holy chrism in confirmation, the visible element of the sacrament thus undergoing no change. In the Eucharist, however, the bread …

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Icons, Coptic

ICONS, COPTIC Holy panel paintings of Christ, the Virgin Mary, saints, or subjects from the Old and New Testaments. The word icon is derived from the Greek word eikon, meaning “image” or “portrait.” Icons are symbols of the invisible presence of Christ, the Virgin Mary, and the saints. They are the connection between the church …

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