Trisagion

TRISAGION “Holy God, Holy Mighty, Holy Immortal . . . have mercy upon us.” The Trisagion was introduced into the Byzantine liturgy by Proclus of Cyzicus, who succeeded Nestorius as Bishop of Constantinople (431-446 a.d.). However, a papyrus from the fourth century preserved in the collection of the University of Strasbourg includes a Trisagion in […]

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Monophysitism

MONOPHYSITISM This word is derivate from the Cyrillian statement, ‘One nature of the incarnated Word of God.” It is used to designate those who, in opposition to the two-natures doctrine of Chalcedon, confess the formula of St. Cyril, which has been adopted by the Coptic Church: ‘One Nature for the Word God incarnated.” Hence, Christ […]

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Henoticon

HENOTICON When Emperor Zeno returned to Constantinople in 482, he issued his famous Henoticon to the Christians of the world in Alexandria, Egypt, Libya, and Pentapolis. In it, he confirmed the faith of the Fathers of the Councils of Nicaea and Constantinople; nothing, however, is mentioned concerning the Councils of Ephesus and Chalcedon. Zeno condemned […]

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Simon I

SIMON I A saint and forty-second patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (689-701). His nomination came at a difficult time. His predecessor, ISAAC, had died in the midst of the fury arising from his meddling in the conflict between Ethiopia and Nubia without consulting the Umayyad governor of Egypt, ‘Abd al-‘Aziz ibn Marwan. In […]

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Second Council Of Constantinople

SECOND COUNCIL OF CONSTANTINOPLE Known as the fifth general council and convoked by Emperor Justinian I in May 553. It was presided over by Patriarch Eutychius of Constantinople, and attended by 165 bishops, nearly all from the eastern and Greek-speaking provinces of Justinian’s empire. The main object of the council was to modify (without appearing […]

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Dayr Al-Arman

DAYR AL-ARMAN The fifteenth-century Muslim historian al- Maqrizi said that at the time the conqueror ‘Amr ibn al-‘As arrived in Egypt in 641, there were a hundred monasteries in Wadi al- Natrun. He named some that were destroyed in his time, among them the Monastery of the Armenians, or Dayr al-Arman. For his part, MAWHUB […]

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Theodosius Of Alexandria

THEODOSIUS OF ALEXANDRIA A Saint and patriarch. He was the 33rd patriarch of Alexandria (535-566). He is commemorated on the 28th of Baounah. He was a devoted friend and disciple of Severus of Antioch. Riots of the Gaianites followed his consecration. He was able to exercise his authority only briefly but later was forced to […]

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Severus Of Antioch (Ca. 456-538)

SEVERUS OF ANTIOCH (ca. 456-538) A Saint and patriarch. The sources for the life of Severus, anti-Chalcedonian patriarch of Antioch from 512 to 518 a.d., are many and varied; among these sources are his letters and his cathedral homilies, which number 125. His friend Zechariah Scholasticus wrote the first biography of Severus from his early […]

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Timothy Salofaciolus

TIMOTHY SALOFACIOLUS A Chalcedonian patriarch of Alexandria (460-482). A one-time steward of the church of Alexandria, he was consecrated patriarch after the expulsion of TIMOTHY II AELURUS (“the Cat”) in 459. His nickname may be derived from Coptic with a “dog Latin” ending meaning “wearer of a white turban” or “wobbling turban.” He was the […]

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Yusab (1735-1826)

YUSAB (1735-1826) A bishop of Jirja and Akhmim. Yusab was born in al-Nukhaylah (province of Asyut); his name was originally Yusuf. In 1760 he became a monk at the Monastery of Saint Antony on the Red Sea. In 1791, the 107th patriarch, JOHN XVIII (1769-1796), who belonged once to the Monastery of Saint Antony, consecrated […]

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