Catechetical Lectures

Anointing

ANOINTING The application or pouring of oil on a person or an object as a sacred rite, practiced from time immemorial by various peoples and in several religions. It is known in Arabic as mash. Judaism Anointing was common for both religious and mundane purposes, to consecrate certain persons or set particular things apart as …

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Holy Cross Day

HOLY CROSS DAY The Coptic Church annually commemorates two events related to the Holy Cross on which Jesus was crucified: the finding of the cross at Jerusalem by the empress Helena, mother of Constantine, in A.D. 326, the feast day being 17 Tut; and the restoration of the cross in 628 from the hands of …

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Marriage

MARRIAGE The relation between husband and wife. [Marriage is a sacrament in the Coptic church. The wedding is celebrated in a special church ceremony, and a multitude of customs traditionally surround the occasion. This entry consists of three articles: The Sacrament of Marriage and The Marriage Ceremony by Bishop Gregorios, and Marriage Customs by Cérès …

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Immersion

IMMERSION It was ordained by Jesus Christ that water represents the visible sign of baptism: “Unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God” (Jn. 3:5). In conformity with Christ’s teachings, the apostles used water in administering the sacrament through complete immersion. This practice has since been followed …

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Digamy

DIGAMY A practice of remarriage after the death of one’s spouse. In the event of the dissolution of Christian marriage through the death of either spouse, the surviving partner may, if desired, be married again in the church. Nevertheless, it is not strongly recommended by the church, in harmony with the Apostle Paul’s teaching. The …

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Dead, Prayer For The

DEAD, PRAYER FOR THE The Coptic church, which believes in one final, decisive day of judgment, does not recognize the concepts of purgatory or of a particular judgment to each individual soul at its separation from the body at the time of death. This attitude is supported by Christ’s description of the second coming of …

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