Canon Law

CANON LAW Codified law governing a church. The Coptic church has no codex juris canonici, as the Roman church does, but it has remained closer to its sources, which it has grouped in chronological or systematic collections. From the Coptic period, the church of Egypt was concerned with Coptic translation of the sources of church […]

Read More

Constantine (Bishop Of Asyut)

CONSTANTINE A sixth-seventh-century bishop of Asyut. History A summary of Constantine’s life has come down complete in a unique manuscript of the Sahidic recension of the Arabic SYNAXARION of the Copts, deposited at Luxor. There also exists for the first part and identical with the above document an isolated leaf (National Library, Paris, Arabic 4895). […]

Read More

Saint Copres

SAINT COPRES A monk and martyr. The Greek Synaxarion gives information at two dates about a martyr-monk by the name of Copres, who is named with another monk and a soldier called Alexander. It is not said where they at first led the ascetic life, and H. Delehaye, in “Les Martyrs d’Egypte” (1922, esp. p. […]

Read More

Dayr Bi’l-Habash

DAYR BI’L-HABASH (Monastery in the quarter of the Ethiopians). The first foundation of the Muslims on the site known as al-Fustat—that is, modern-day Old Cairo—included to the south a pool that was called the Pool of the Ethiopians (it is not known where the name comes from). This appellation is ancient, for it is given […]

Read More

Victor

VICTOR The abbot of the Enaton, listed in the SYNAXARION as the author of two “histories of monks” at 7 Tubah (recension from Upper Egypt) and 14 Tubah (recension from Lower Egypt). He is probably the author of the narratives of monastic history celebrated in the Middle Ages, from which the author(s) of the two […]

Read More

Yuhanna Al-Hadhiq Al-Qibti (MU‘ALLIM)

YUHANNA AL-HADHIQ AL-QIBTI (MU‘ALLIM) The seventeenth-century author of a history of the world from the creation to the age of the apostles, called Kitab Akhbar al-Zaman. He intended the work as an apology, as indicated in the introduction, rather than a historical treatise. Yuhanna once had a discussion with a Jew concerning the Christian faith […]

Read More

Saint Apollo The Shepherd

SAINT APOLLO THE SHEPHERD A monk at Scetis. Our knowledge of Saint Apollo is limited to the APOPHTHEGMATA PATRUM. Apollo’s place of origin is nowhere given. He was from a humble milieu, since, like his parents, he was a shepherd, whence his epithet. While keeping his flocks, he had a flight of fantasy, asking himself […]

Read More

Saint Thomas

SAINT THOMAS We know little about this anchorite who was held in great esteem by Apa SHENUTE, in whose life he is mentioned twice (Amélineau, 1888, pp. 462-66). He was a contemporary of Apa Shenute and died before him, having lived a holy life. His cult is still alive in his church in the neighborhood […]

Read More

Yu’annis

YU’ANNIS The thirteenth-century (?) bishop of Asyut, known for having edited the panegyric of the martyrs of Isna who died under Maximian (286-310): Saint Dilaji and her four children, Eusebius and his brothers, as well as their companions. The panegyric occupies 182 pages, with twelve lines per page. It is found in at least three […]

Read More

Saint Judas Cyriacus

SAINT JUDAS CYRIACUS A second-century bishop of Jerusalem associated in legend with the discovery of the cross. In connection with Judas Cyriacus we must distinguish history from legend. EUSEBIUS OF CAESAREA is the earliest witness that Judas was the fifteenth bishop of Jerusalem, after James, the brother of the Lord. But Eusebius himself was astonished […]

Read More