Cyriacus

CYRIACUS A Bishop of al-Bahnasa (Oxyrhynchus), assumed author of eight homilies. We have no historical evidence of either the existence of this person or the period in which he lived. On the latter, opinions greatly diverge: G. Graf (1944-1953, Vol. 1, p. 475) thinks that if one accepts what is said by the Ethiopian Book […]

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Constantine (Bishop Of Asyut)

CONSTANTINE A sixth-seventh-century bishop of Asyut. History A summary of Constantine’s life has come down complete in a unique manuscript of the Sahidic recension of the Arabic SYNAXARION of the Copts, deposited at Luxor. There also exists for the first part and identical with the above document an isolated leaf (National Library, Paris, Arabic 4895). […]

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Butrus Ibn Al-Khabbaz

BUTRUS IBN AL-KHABBAZ A thirteenth-century metropolitan of Ethiopia and copyist of biblical texts. This priest is known from notes found in four Arabic manuscripts of Coptic origin. A fourteenth-century manuscript in the Coptic Patriarchate in Cairo (Theology 220) contains ten monastic texts (Graf, 1934), or seventeen according to Simaykah and Yassa ‘Abd al-Masih (1942), which […]

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Butrus Ibn Sahyun Al-Ghannami

BUTRUS IBN SAHYUN AL-GHANNAMI An eighteenth-century Catholic Copt born at Akhmim in Upper Egypt. G. Macaire, who in 1899 became the first Coptic Catholic patriarch under the name of Cyril II, says of him, “At the time of this venerable prelate [Athanasius, Coptic Catholic bishop of Jerusalem], there was living in Cairo the pious and […]

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Dayr Anba Shinudah Or Al-Dayr Al-Abyad (White Monastery) (Suhaj)

DAYR ANBA SHINUDAH or al-Dayr al-Abyad (White Monastery) (Suhaj) History The church of this famous monastery still exists at the edge of the Libyan desert, on the left bank of the Nile, about 6 miles (10 km) from the town of Suhaj, often mentioned for its medieval paintings. The name of the site is known […]

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Dayr Apa Ishaq (Isna)

DAYR APA ISHAQ (Isna) A little to the north of the present DAYR AL-SHUHADA’ (Monastery of the Martyrs) at Isna are some ruins that the inhabitants call the Monastery of Apa Ishaq (Isaac). In the “new” church, which according to the inscriptions dates at least from the end of the twelfth century, an inscription commemorates […]

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Yusab

YUSAB The fifteenth-century bishop of Akhmim. It is not certain if a Yusab, bishop of Akhmim, ever existed in the fifteenth century, as no lists of Coptic bishops from this century exist. However, in 1938 P. Sbath mentioned four works attributed to a certain Yusab, bishop of Akhmim, in various manuscripts, stating he was a […]

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Yuhanna Al-Hadhiq Al-Qibti (MU‘ALLIM)

YUHANNA AL-HADHIQ AL-QIBTI (MU‘ALLIM) The seventeenth-century author of a history of the world from the creation to the age of the apostles, called Kitab Akhbar al-Zaman. He intended the work as an apology, as indicated in the introduction, rather than a historical treatise. Yuhanna once had a discussion with a Jew concerning the Christian faith […]

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Ibrahim Ibn Sulayman Al-Najjar Al-Miri

IBRAHIM IBN SULAYMAN AL-NAJJAR AL-MIRI An eighteenth-century copier of manuscripts. Ibrahm is mentioned nowhere, but certain elements of his life and literary activity can be reconstructed from the manuscripts he copied. These are now found in Cairo, at the Coptic Museum and the Coptic Patriarchate. His ethnic surname shows that he came from Mir, a […]

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Yusab (1735-1826)

YUSAB (1735-1826) A bishop of Jirja and Akhmim. Yusab was born in al-Nukhaylah (province of Asyut); his name was originally Yusuf. In 1760 he became a monk at the Monastery of Saint Antony on the Red Sea. In 1791, the 107th patriarch, JOHN XVIII (1769-1796), who belonged once to the Monastery of Saint Antony, consecrated […]

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