Carl Schmidt

Egyptian Gnosticism from Its Cradle in the Alexandrian Quarters of the Second Century

Egyptian Gnosticism from Its Cradle in the Alexandrian Quarters of the Second Century to Its Jar Tomb in the Upper Egyptian Town of Nag’ Hammadi Introduction The aim of this study is to try to interpret the fate of Gnosticism in Egypt through a simple investigation of places where texts were found and the historical …

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Children’s Burials from Antinoopolis: Discoveries from Recent Excavations

Children’s Burials from Antinoopolis: Discoveries from Recent Excavations Introduction Exploration of Antinoopolis—the well-known city founded by the Roman emperor Hadrian around ad 130 to honor his beloved Antinous after his legendary death in the Nile—began in the late nineteenth century.[1] In January 1896, Carl Schmidt (1868—1938), a German scholar, undertook a first small excavation in …

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Bruce Codex (Codex Brucianus)

BRUCE CODEX (CODEX BRUCIANUS) Seventy-eight unbound papyrus leaves purchased in about 1769 in Upper Egypt by the Scottish traveler James Bruce, eventually acquired by the Bodleian Library in Oxford. Inscribed in Coptic, they date from the fourth or fifth century. The papyrus leaves are probably the remains of two independent codices: 31 leaves containing the …

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Books Of Jeu

BOOKS OF JEU Two Gnostic texts partially preserved in Coptic in the Bruce Codex. At the end of the first book is a title, “The Book of the Great Mystery-Message.” The current title, the Books of Jeu, was applied to the texts by Carl Schmidt, reflecting his view that they are “the two books of …

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Berlin Gnostic Codex (Papyrus Berolinensis 8502)

BERLIN GNOSTIC CODEX (PAPYRUS BEROLINENSIS 8502) A fifth-century papyrus manuscript discovered in Egypt sometime in the 19th century and purchased for the Berlin Museum in 1896 by Carl Schmidt. It contains three Gnostic tractates and one non-Gnostic Christian work. These are, respectively, the Gospel of Mary, the Apocryphon of John, the Sophia of Jesus Christ, …

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