Candidates

Christianity in Asyut in Modern History

Christianity in Asyut in Modern History A Historical Introduction By the second half of the eighteenth century, Asyut had taken Girga’s place as the capital of Upper Egypt. With Muhammad ‘Ali’s interest in admin­istratively organizing Egypt’s governorates, the construction of the gover­norate building in Asyut began in 1811. In 1822, Asyut’s population was around seventeen …

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Chrism

CHRISM After baptism, candidates are anointed with the oil of thanksgiving. Then they go into the church and receive the laying on of hands and are anointed with the chrism of confirmation. A priest administers this rite in the Coptic Church. The patriarch and the bishops consecrate the oil of chrism. After a short prayer …

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Julian Gaianus

JULIAN GAIANUS A Bishop. The controversy within the anti-Chalcedonian parties between Julian of Halicarnasus and Severus of Antioch led to the choice of two episcopal candidates after the death of the Patriarch Timothy of Alexandria (517-535): Theodosius (for the Severian party) and Gaianus (for the Julianist party). Although Theodosius received the most number of votes, …

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Bulus Al-Bushi (?-Ca. 1250)

BULUS AL-BUSHI (?-ca. 1250) A Bishop, theologian. Bulus al-Bushi was a skilled theologian who contributed much to the dawning of the 13th-century golden age of Copto-Arabic literature. Little is known of his life before 1216, when after the death of Patriarch John VI the scholarly monk Bulus quickly became one of the two leading candidates …

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Priest

PRIEST The priest is mentioned several times in the New Testament. Christ chose a number of men and named them apostles (; ). By the full authority that was committed to Him, He commanded them to go forth and baptize people everywhere and teach them to observe His commandments. They alone were given the power …

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Patriarch Gabriel III

PATRIARCH GABRIEL III The life of the monk and priest Ghubriyāl, who eventually became Coptic patriarch Gabriel III (usually counted as the 77th patriarch, 1268–1271), bears witness to both the flourishing of literary and scientific activity as well as to the turbulence of ecclesiastical and social affairs that characterize Coptic Orthodox history in the middle decades …

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