Campagnano

Cycle

CYCLE One of a group of works in Coptic literature dealing with episodes in the life of one or more specific characters, mostly saints and martyrs. There are two basic types of cycle: homiletic and hagiographical. The difference lies simply in the different literary forms used, with the homiletic cycles being made up of texts …

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Saint Judas Cyriacus

SAINT JUDAS CYRIACUS A second-century bishop of Jerusalem associated in legend with the discovery of the cross. In connection with Judas Cyriacus we must distinguish history from legend. EUSEBIUS OF CAESAREA is the earliest witness that Judas was the fifteenth bishop of Jerusalem, after James, the brother of the Lord. But Eusebius himself was astonished …

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Bawit

BAWIT History The town of Bawit is located between Dayrut and Asyut. The site is famous through the excavations carried out there at the beginning of the twentieth century, the results of which were important for the history of Coptic art. From the numerous inscriptions discovered there, it is known that it was dedicated to …

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Bacheus

BACHEUS A fictitious figure in Coptic literature to whom at least two homilies are attributed. He is mentioned in a homily In Praise of the Cross attributed to CYRIL OF JERUSALEM (ed. Campagnano, 1980, pp. 84-100); this seems to be the oldest text in which he is named. According to this text, Bacheus was a …

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Assumption

ASSUMPTION The taking up of Mary into heaven. The calendar of feasts of the Coptic Church celebrates the death of the Virgin Mother of God and the ascension of her soul into heaven on 21 Tubah. The metamorphosis or conveyance of her body into heaven is placed on 16 Misra. There is thus a 206-day …

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Cyril Of Jerusalem

CYRIL OF JERUSALEM Bishop of Jerusalem (c. 350-387) due to the efforts of the Arianite faction. However, because his doctrine was substantially anti-Arian, he was repeatedly exiled by the Arian emperors Constantius (357-362) and Valens (367-378). The Egyptian tradition recognized him as orthodox and regarded his character and work with favor. Consequently, the Copts accorded …

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Phib, Saint, Or Abib

PHIB, SAINT, or Abib A monk associated with Saint APOLLO OF BAWIT and Papohé (feast day: 25 Babah). A Coptic Life of Phib is preserved in the Pierpont Morgan Library (Manuscript M 633, original pp. 47-68). The codex, which also contains the story of the Seven Sleepers of Ephesus, has a colophon that gives its …

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Proclus Saint

PROCLUS SAINT The patriarch of Constantinople (434-446), who was a preacher and writer (feast day: 20 November in the East, 24 October in the West). According to the historian Socrates, Proclus was very young when he assumed the lector’s robe. From 407, when he was eighteen, to 425, he served Atticus, patriarch of Constantinople, as …

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Manasseh, Saint

MANASSEH, SAINT A sixth-century archimandrite. The SYNAXARION is silent about Manasseh, who was a relative of ABRAHAM OF FARSHUT. We possess the remnants (about forty pages) of a Coptic Encomium of this saint (Campagnano, 1978, pp. 230, 238). It seems that Manasseh was an Alexandrian. He was, first of all, a monk in the community …

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