Calendar

Mass Of The Catechumens

MASS OF THE CATECHUMENS The eucharistic service comprising two distinct, inseparable, and complementary sections: the Mass (or Liturgy) of the Catechumens and the MASS OF THE FAITHFUL, so-called because catechumens, who could attend the first part of the service, were not permitted to attend the second until they had satisfactorily completed their course of religious …

Mass Of The Catechumens Read More »

Martyrs, Coptic

MARTYRS, COPTIC The souls recognized in Egypt who suffered persecution and died for their faith. The majority of martyrs belong to the period of Roman persecutions from the time of Nero in the mid-first century to the time of Diocletian in the early fourth century. It is, of course, impossible to assemble the names of …

Martyrs, Coptic Read More »

Misbah Al-Zulmah Wa-Idah Al-Khidmah (The Luminary Of Church Services)

MISBAH AL-ZULMAH WA-IDAH AL-KHIDMAH (The Luminary of Church Services) Theological encyclopedia that is the principal written work of Abu al-Barakat IBN KABAR. Its aim was to transmit to future generations the knowledge of the doctrine proclaimed by the first apostles and their successors, to pass on the practices of public worship, and to protect church …

Misbah Al-Zulmah Wa-Idah Al-Khidmah (The Luminary Of Church Services) Read More »

Evangeliary

EVANGELIARY A manuscript or book containing the text of the four Gospels, or, more usually, the sections from the Gospels meant to be read in liturgical services, arranged according to the liturgical calendar. The extant medieval manuscript evangeliaries of the Coptic church (the oldest being of 1249/1250) contain Gospel pericopes (biblical passages) with the Arabic …

Evangeliary Read More »

Coptic Music

COPTIC MUSIC  Description of the Corpus and Present Musical Practice The following remarks pertain only to the music of the Coptic Orthodox Church. Other Christian churches in Egypt (Greek Orthodox, Coptic Catholic, Protestant, etc.) have their own musical practices. Coptic music, an expression of a proud and constant faith, still lives today among the Copts …

Coptic Music Read More »

John The Baptist, Saint

JOHN THE BAPTIST, SAINT In the New Testament the forerunner of the Messiah (feast day: 30 Ba’unah). He is called Ioannes ho Baptistes because in Matthew 3:6-11 he prepares for the coming of Christ by administering the baptism of conversion and penance. His origin and mission are described in Luke 1:5-80 as parallel to those …

John The Baptist, Saint Read More »

Ethiopian Orthodox Church

ETHIOPIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH The Ethiopian church was the only state church in the Orient that remained intact from early times into the late twentieth century, when it was separated from the secular state by a revolutionary decree of 1974. With a membership of at least 12 million, it is still the largest single autocephalous Christian …

Ethiopian Orthodox Church Read More »

Ethiopian Monasticism

ETHIOPIAN MONASTICISM Perhaps the most important aspect of Ethiopian Christianity is its monasticism. Introduced into the country probably at the time when Christianity itself was first preached, its centers, the monasteries, have set the rule of conduct for the domestic and foreign policy of the Christian kingdom up to the twentieth century. The monks were …

Ethiopian Monasticism Read More »