Bruce Codex

Gnosticism Bibliography

GNOSTICISM BIBLIOGRAPHY Attridge, Harold W., ed. Nag Hammadi Codex I (The Jung Codex). Nag Hammadi Studies 22-23. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1985. Bohlig, Alexander, and Frederik Wisse, eds. Nag Hammadi Codices III, 2 and IV, 2: The Gospel of the Egyptians (The Holy Book of the Great Invisible Spirit). Nag Hammadi Studie, 4. Leiden: E. …

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Bruce Codex (Codex Brucianus)

BRUCE CODEX (CODEX BRUCIANUS) Seventy-eight unbound papyrus leaves purchased in about 1769 in Upper Egypt by the Scottish traveler James Bruce, eventually acquired by the Bodleian Library in Oxford. Inscribed in Coptic, they date from the fourth or fifth century. The papyrus leaves are probably the remains of two independent codices: 31 leaves containing the …

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Books Of Jeu

BOOKS OF JEU Two Gnostic texts partially preserved in Coptic in the Bruce Codex. At the end of the first book is a title, “The Book of the Great Mystery-Message.” The current title, the Books of Jeu, was applied to the texts by Carl Schmidt, reflecting his view that they are “the two books of …

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Gnosticism In Egypt

GNOSTICISM IN EGYPT The term “Gnosticism” was first coined in the 17th century to refer to an early Christian heresy described by the Church Father Irenaeus of Lyon in his five volumes Against Heresies (ca. 185). Historians of religions use the term to refer to a religion that probably developed around the turn of the …

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