Blessed Virgin Mary

The Monastery of the Holy Virgin Mary at al-Muharraq, Mount Qusqam: History and Heritage (Reflections of Its Monks)

The Monastery of the Holy Virgin Mary at al-Muharraq, Mount Qusqam: History and Heritage (Reflections of Its Monks) Introduction[1] The history of the Coptic Orthodox Church makes no mention of any information about the monastic community or the Holy Virgin Church in the Qusqam region until the fourteenth-century ad. The name Qusqam (al-Muharraq Monastery) is …

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Full Of Grace

FULL OF GRACE Mystery of Rejoice: On the Annunciation the angel Gabriel greeted St. Mary with the words: “Hail full of grace, the Lord is within you, blessed are you among women”. It was not an ordinary greeting, i.e., “Good Day”, nor did it mean “peace” or “shalom”, but had the full meaning of “rejoice”. …

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Nature Of Christ

NATURE OF CHRIST Christian churches are split into two groups regarding the union of the divine and human nature in Jesus Christ. The non-Chalcedonian, including the Coptic, Syrian, Armenian, Ethiopian, and Indian Orthodox churches, reject the decisions of the Council of CHALCEDON (A.D. 451); the Chalcedonian churches, including the Roman Catholic, Greek, and Protestant churches, …

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Saint John Kama

SAINT JOHN KAMA (feast day: 25 Kiyahk). The ninth-century John Kama was born in the village of Jebromonnonson in the nome of Sais, in the Delta. This village name has not survived, but it could be identical with Shubra Wasim in the markaz (district) of Kom Hamadah in the modern province of Beheirah. He is …

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Liturgical Instruments

LITURGICAL INSTRUMENTS The liturgical instruments of the Coptic church, as well as everything worn or used during the services, must be consecrated by the patriarch or a bishop as part of the general process of CONSECRATION. Basin and Ewer A basin and ewer are usually placed on a low wooden stand at the northern side …

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Feasts, Minor

FEASTS, MINOR There are seven minor feasts celebrated by the Coptic church. Feast of Circumcision This feast occurs on 6 Tubah. The practice of circumcision started with Abraham, in fulfillment of God’s covenant (Gn. 17:9-14), by which every male child should be circumcised on the eighth day after his birth. According to the New Testament, …

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Festal Days, Monthly

MONTHLY FESTAL DAYS At present, the Coptic church observes three monthly festal days. These three monthly commemorations are recorded in the Synaxarion at 12 Ba’unah with reference to the story of Saint Euphemia, a devout widow who used to observe her husband’s habit of distributing alms, especially on these three feasts every month. The first, …

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Flight Into Egypt

FLIGHT INTO EGYPT The Infant Jesus, the Blessed Virgin Mary, and Saint Joseph, accompanied by Salome, mother of Zebedee’s children, made the journey to Egypt in compliance with a divine message communicated to Joseph in a dream, directing them to leave Bethlehem and seek refuge in Egypt to escape the wrath of Herod the Great …

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Marriage

MARRIAGE The relation between husband and wife. [Marriage is a sacrament in the Coptic church. The wedding is celebrated in a special church ceremony, and a multitude of customs traditionally surround the occasion. This entry consists of three articles: The Sacrament of Marriage and The Marriage Ceremony by Bishop Gregorios, and Marriage Customs by Cérès …

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