Bishop of Alexandria

Egyptian Gnosticism from Its Cradle in the Alexandrian Quarters of the Second Century

Egyptian Gnosticism from Its Cradle in the Alexandrian Quarters of the Second Century to Its Jar Tomb in the Upper Egyptian Town of Nag’ Hammadi Introduction The aim of this study is to try to interpret the fate of Gnosticism in Egypt through a simple investigation of places where texts were found and the historical …

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Melitian Schism

MELITIAN SCHISM Melitius was the Bishop of Lycopolis (Assiut) during the patriarchate of Peter, the Seal of Martyrs (300-311). He opposed the patriarch of Alexandria on two issues. The first was the admission of the Lapsi (those who under torture deny Christ), and the second issue was the authority of the bishops to consecrate other …

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Bishop

BISHOP The Coptic term episkopos is a loan word from the Greek that can be translated bishop, overseer, superintendent, or supervisor. The Arabic usquf derives also from the Greek episkopos. According to the Didascalia, the bishop should be chosen by the congregation, and his consecration should take place on a Sunday in the presence of …

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Third Council Of Ephesus (476)

THIRD COUNCIL OF EPHESUS (476) After the death of Emperor Leo I (457-474), his two successors, Basilicus the Usurper (474-475) and Zeno (474-475, 476-491), intervened in the conflict between the supporters and the opponents of the Council of Chalcedon. In 468, an anti-Chalcedonian delegation of Egyptian monks and clergy sought to recall Timothy Aelurus, Bishop …

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Patriarchal Residences

PATRIARCHAL RESIDENCES Alexandria became the residence of the Bishop of Alexandria during the beginnings of Christianity in Egypt. Alexandria continued to be the residence of the patriarchs of the See of St. Mark as late as the 11th century when Patriarch Christodoulus (1047-1077) definitively transferred his residence to the Mo‘allaqa Church at Old Cairo to …

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