Bibliotheca Sanctorum

Cyprian The Magician

CYPRIAN THE MAGICIAN The legend of Cyprian the Magician (perhaps mid-fourth century with further development at a later period) tells how a young man in Antioch approaches Cyprian so that with magic he can win the love of the Christian virgin Justina. But all the magical arts are frustrated by prayer and by the sign …

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Coptic Hagiography

COPTIC HAGIOGRAPHY Egypt was influenced by the Greek culture, hence many of the hagiographical texts were written first in this language and translated later into Coptic. It is important to use the classical hagiographical tools such as Bibliotheca Hagiographica Orientalis and the Bibliotheca Sanctorum (16 vols., Rome 1965-1976), in addition to the bibliography in each …

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Saint Victor Stratelates, Or Victor The General

SAINT VICTOR STRATELATES, or Victor the General [This son of the Roman governor Romanus miraculously survived death three times before being marytred during the persecution under Diocletian (feast day: 27 Baramudah)] COPTIC TRADITION About Victor Statelates we have four complete accounts and several that are incomplete. The martyrdom itself was published by E. Wallis Budge …

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TIL, or Apa Til or Apatil

TIL, or Apa Til or Apatil A third-century martyr dealt with in a legend (Bibliotheca Hagiographica Orientalis 75/76) in the style of the type of martyr’s life predominant in Egypt. According to the legend, Til was a soldier in the camp at Babylon. In the persecution of DIOCLETIAN, he was sent by ARIANUS after unsuccessful …

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Saint John Colobos

SAINT JOHN COLOBOS Coptic Tradition John Colobos, the Little or the Dwarf (fourth and fifth centuries), is one of the most striking figures among the desert fathers. He is known principally from the APOPHTHEGMATA PATRUM and from a Life in the form of a panegyric composed by Zacharias, the bishop of Sakha, at the end …

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Joseph The Carpenter

JOSEPH THE CARPENTER A saint and spouse of the Virgin Mary and the foster father of Jesus Christ (feast day: 26 Abib). Biblical Accounts In the New Testament Joseph is mentioned in the accounts of the birth and childhood of Jesus (Mt. 1-2; Lk. 1-2) and also in Luke (3:23, 4:22) and John (1:45, 6:42) …

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Raphael

RAPHAEL An archangel. The Hebrew word repha’el can mean “God has healed.” Latin authors such as Gregory the Great (Evangelia Homiliarum 34.9) interpreted the name as “medicine of God.” In a Coptic text (Kropp, 1930, Vol. 2, p. 165) it has the meaning of “cure.” The archangel Raphael appears for the first time in Tobit …

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Peter I

PETER I The seventeenth patriarch of the See of Saint Mark (300-311). Peter succeeded THEONAS (282-300) and, according to tradition, he was the last or the “seal” of the martyrs. The accounts of his turbulent and tragic archiepiscopate comprise a fascinating and important source for early Church history. Peter not only defended the orthodox faith …

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