Benjamin

Nitria

NITRIA With SCETIS and the KELLIA, one of the principal monastic habitations, founded about 325-330 by AMUN. The site, long confused with the present Wadi al-Natrun, was finally identified by H. G. Evelyn-White. It is located in the western part of the Delta, about 10 miles (15 km) south of Damanhur, where the village of …

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Nikiou

NIKIOU A Greek name of a city in the Egyptian Delta in the area of Minuf. Traditionally, the city was named after the governor who founded it. Nikiou was known in Coptic as psati (Pshati) and in Arabic literature, it was called Niqyus or Ibshadi. The location of Nikiou is a matter of some debate. …

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Ethiopian Monasticism

ETHIOPIAN MONASTICISM Perhaps the most important aspect of Ethiopian Christianity is its monasticism. Introduced into the country probably at the time when Christianity itself was first preached, its centers, the monasteries, have set the rule of conduct for the domestic and foreign policy of the Christian kingdom up to the twentieth century. The monks were …

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Dayr Yuhannis Kama

DAYR YUHANNIS KAMA Amid a vast field of ruins southeast of DAYR AL-SURYAN and DAYR ANBA BISHOI stand the remains of Dayr Yuhannis Kama in Wadi al-Natrun (SCETIS) in the western desert of Egypt. This monastery was built in the ninth century (c. A.D. 840). Tradition has it that the founder himself, Abba Yuhannis, built …

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